Organized in joint collaboration with the Migration Research Institute, NUPS has held a workshop titled “Preventing violent radicalization”. As the host of the event dr. Péter Tálas, dean of the Faculty of International and European Studies stressed the importance of workshops alike when pointing to the fact how common people have a limited knowledge regarding the roots and effects of the phenomena, being provided with a chance of getting in touch with the topic through the sensation-hungry media only. The workshop’s moderator Hanga Sántha on behalf of the Migration Research Institute added that it is essential for all of us to understand the processes since radicalization keeps strengthening regardless of the underlying ideologies.
With the aim of preventing violent manifestations, Europe puts a great effort into mapping radicalization. What is more, this intention is not only visible on the governments’ side but also in the public and civil sector as well. The Radicalization Awareness Network launched in 2011 counts as one of the forerunners of the subject with its 2000 affiliates. Working at the Dutch Radar Advies, Secretariat of the Radicalization Awareness Network, Steven Lenos summed up the message of his organization as follows: radicalization is a process that has no single profile and has no simple indicators. Consequently, to understand the motivations as well as to provide aid, we must concentrate on the breeding ground with the vulnerable individuals in the forefront. All situations require unique and specific answers, since radicalization is all about the vulnerable psyche and the responsibility of the individuals along the host communities. With a bit of concentration, criminalization turns out to be preventable: with strong reference groups around, troubled individuals turn less likely towards radical ideologies.
Dr. Borbála Fellegi, representative of the Foresee Research Group said that small communities play an exponentially large role in the fight against radicalization. Families and schools are principal tools of prevention by means of supportive communication. Dialogues which build on authentic personal commitment and take place in a relaxed, non-judgemental environment tend to be more effective in the long run.
On behalf of the Ministry of Interior, colonel Mihály Kovács spoke about the means of state-level crime prevention. In agreement with the other speakers Mr Kovács said that “well-functioning communities are obstacles in the way of radical ideas.” It is important to note however that the type of radicalization which is often linked with Islam is not yet common in Hungary. Though Hungarian prisons do not keep track of the inmates’ religious beliefs, based on their descent, a little less than 300 convicts may be associated with the Muslim religion.
Text: Dorottya Pétery
Photos: Dénes Szilágyi
“We have arrived at the end of a two-year cycle in Warsaw where members will evaluate the implementation of the decisions made at the previous NATO summit in Newport – something that we have decided to previously do ourselves with regards to Central Europe” – reminded Dr. Péter Tálas, Director of CSDS about the workshop’s goal in his summary of the event. Professor Tálas added that “it is quiet noticeable that Poland has made decisive steps in the past 15 years in order to become a medium power in Europe: politically, she is willing to take a leading role, has volunteered for serious military tasks in international crisis management in Iraq and Afghanistan, and has begun the extensive modernization of her armed forces since 2009, thus becoming a provider of security in Central Europe. After the crisis in Ukraine, Poland has been trying to extend and deepen these efforts across the entire East-Central European region. It is important to realize that what steps our regional partners have made in relation to their respective military capabilities and to their adaptation to the deteriorating security environment, as the deepening of our defence cooperation relies on that.”
The sixth and the latest event of the three year old expert workshop enjoyed the contribution of Czech, Estonian, Polish, Lithuanian, Romanian, Slovak and Hungarian security policy experts. The first half of the workshop focused on the developments of the 2014 NATO summit in Wales. Gergely Varga, adjunct researcher at CSDS provided a thorough review of the changes of the security environment in the last few years and of the responses made by NATO, highlighting the renewed importance of collective defence. He also examined the most important decisions made at the Wales summit and the current status of their implementation at the alliance level. Anna Péczeli (CSDS) overviewed the most important aspects of the European ballistic missile defence system, reminding that despite the fears of Moscow, the system is not directed against Russia. She also touched upon the possibilities of cooperation with the Russians in missile defence. Gábor Csizmazia, assistant lecturer at the Department of International Security Studies of NUPS evaluated the role of the Visegrad countries within NATO following the Wales summit. Despite the differences in their threat perceptions, the V4 countries have achieved successful cooperation in various areas of defence policy in the last few years. Their contributions include the participation in the stabilization mission in Afghanistan, the force contribution to NATO’s VJTF and, most visibly, their participation in various military exercises in East-Central Europe.
The second panel of the workshop focused on the current threats faced by NATO. Annamária Kiss (CENS) examined the relationship between NATO and Russia in a political aspect, analysing the reasons why and ways how Russia’s and the West’s perceptions of each other have changed in the last years. Dániel Berzsenyi from the Doctoral School of Military Sciences, provided a presentation on the policy and capabilities of NATO regarding cyber security, emphasizing the globally increasing role of the Internet and cyber security itself while also touching upon NATO’s possible role in the cyber security efforts of its member states. The presentation of Máté Szalai from the Hungarian Institute of International Affairs and Trade provided an overall view of the threats faced by the “Southern flank” of NATO. In addition to the structurally different (such as Syrian or Libyan) civil wars, the wider region of the Mediterranean and the Middle East reveals long-term instability, with this complex situation demanding adequate goals and responses from NATO. Apart from today’s challenges, NATO should also look at the potential threats of tomorrow, such as the possible destabilisation of Egypt or the negative effects of climate change and the impacts thereof in the region and beyond.
The speakers of the third panel discussed the capability development measures of Central European countries between 2014 and 2016. The experts reviewed the subject in hand from the perspective of their respective nations’ efforts with Sandra Kaziukonyte focusing on the Baltic states, Lukasz Kulesa on the national contributions of Poland, Lukas Dycka on the Czech Republic, Marian Majer on the Slovak Republic, Mirela Atanasiu on Romania and Tamás Csiki on Hungary respectively.
Representatives of the National University of Public Service (NUPS) and the Chinese Academy of Governance (CAG) were examining the issues and impacts of current public administration reforms in Hungary and the People’s Republic of China at the joint NUPS-CAG Workshop held on 20-25 May 2014 at the Ludovika Campus of NUPS.
In their respective speeches, Chen Li, Vice President of the Chinese Academy of Governance and Dr. Norbert Kis, Vice-rector for Continuing education and International Affairs at NUPS, reminded about the good relationship of the two institutions and emphasized the importance of future cooperation. The presentations of the workshop focused inter alia on public service management and the innovation of public administration. The information gathered during the workshop will be incorporated in the curricula’s development process, however, the workshop was also a great opportunity for lecturers and PhD students of NUPS to display their scientific research and create long-term professional relations.
The event was realized under the project “Knowledge-based public service advancement” within the State Reform Operative Programme 2.2.21.
The National University of Public Service (NUPS) has reached another milestone in dynamically building its relations in Asia: the Ludovika Campus of NUPS hosted the joint workshop of Minzu University of China (MUC) and NUPS between the 5-8th of May under the project “Knowledge-based public service advancement” within the State Reform Operative Programme 2.2.21.
The discussions within the workshop contribute to the development of foreign language programmes at NUPS along with the international experiences of both lecturers and students. The event focused on the analysis of public administration reforms in Hungary and the People’s Republic of China. Participants could discuss the nation-specific innovative solutions in the field of human resources, local administration, territorial organization, anti-corruption and minority policy. The findings will be incorporated in the curricula’s development process, however, the workshop was also a great opportunity for lecturers and PhD students of NUPS to display their scientific research and create long-term professional relations.
Professor Li Junqing, Dean of School of Management at MUC reminded that one of the aims of this workshop was to provide a forum for the exchange of experiences among public administration experts from both countries. He added that the respective public administrations of Hungary and the People’s Republic of China have distinctive features and that this event provided an opportunity for learning from each-other. The Dean noted that this was not his first visit to Hungary and NUPS, as he already participated in a project last November in our university and got acquainted with the Hungarian capital which he recalled as a great experience.
The reform of Chinese local governments was displayed by Professor Zhiren Zhou who highlighted the structure of the multi-level Chinese system and reviewed possibilities and room for various developments of local governments provided by Chinese law. As Professor Zhiren pointed out, the Chinese public administration reform was initiated from top to bottom with economic development in the forefront, hence local governments have become the primary entrepreneurs in their respective regions. Nowadays, local governments tend to develop in the field of services, the Professor added. He reiterated that such workshops are important, as participants can learn from each-other.
Cooperation between NUPS and MUC started two years ago when Prof. Dr. Chen Li, Rector of Minzu University of China visited the National University of Public Service in May 2012. One of the ideas and proposals for cooperation at that time was a series of academic conferences held at MUC and NUPS in rotation. Professor Chen Li’s visit was followed by the trip of the delegation led by Prof. Dr. András Patyi, Rector of NUPS to Beijing in October 2013 when representatives of both institutions signed a agreement for cooperation.
Photo by Dénes Szilágyi