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US Refugee Question from a Different Angle

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The event series of the ‘Extremism, Religious Extremism Ludovika Research Group’ continued with the lecture and roundtable discussion by Dr. Joanne Washington titled “The Role of Religious Organizations in the Training of People Who Will Encounter Casualties of Armed Conflicts”. The European Union financed research group welcomed the renowned communication expert at the Faculty of Military Science and Officer Training of the National University of Public Service on the 6th of October 2017.

In her introduction, Dr. Washington drew a quick outline of the training and education systems in the United States for those, who work with refugees. Right from the beginning, she stressed that the methods in these processes are mostly applied and not theoretical in the US.

In the following section, Dr. Washington explained the theory of what she called: the “resilience factor”. Understanding this helps all those personnel dealing with refugees to understand the factors that help those in the greatest danger, feeling for their lives to prevail and survive. The bonds of the family and the relationship of the social worker, law enforcement official or soldier to the family are really important in these cases. The ADDIE model, which was developed at the University of Florida, was also presented to the audience. This model is used in the training of American armed forces personnel.  ADDIE stands for: Analysis, Design, Development, Improvement and Evaluation, and it could be an effective model in the training of those, who deal with refugees too.

In the closing stages of the lecture, the audience could also see a video containing a case study of the practices of the American refugee integration process.

Throughout her successful academic career, Dr. Joanne Washington has mostly worked in the field of training and teaching development. She received her Ph.D. from Indiana University in 1993, and also worked with many organizations helping underprivileged people and minorities. Her academic career is also closely connected to Clarion University, where she was the Chair of the Department of Communication. Since 2017, she has been employed as a Research Assistant of the Office of Education at Marymount University.

The next event of the ‘Extremism, Religious Extremism Ludovika Research Group’ is on the 19th of October with a workshop titled “The Question of War in Religions”.


Professional Development Course in Forensic Science at the Faculty of Law Enforcement

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On 2 October, the National University of Public Service launched its very first English Professional Development Course in Forensic Science with the cooperation of specialists from the Marymount University In the Unites States. This course was introduced as a result of the partnership agreement that the two institutes have signed in 2016.

The Marymount University was established in 1950 as an independent Catholic institute. It offers numerous Bachelor, Master and PhD degree programmes to its students. The American university’s community is very diverse because the approximately 3600 students come from 70 different countries.

The partnership agreement was signed by the two universities with the aim of creating for their professors and researches an opportunity for mobility, joint researches, and partificipation in professional programs, primarily in the field of criminalistics and cybersecurity.  One of the key contributor to this agreement was Réka Szemerkényi, the former ambassador of Hungary in Washington, who also attended the opening ceremony of the course.

On behalf of Prof. Dr. András Patyi, Rector, Dr. Gábor Kovács welcomed the guests during the opening ceremony. The Vice-Rector for Education at NUPS highlighted that  the U.S., as the most influential country, is leading the world in the field of forensic science as well. Therefore, the participants can learn not only the Hungariand and European processes, but - thanks to the cooperation between NUPS and the Marymount University - they can have an insight, how the experts of this field work oversea.

During the 4-day training, professors from the Marymount University introduce through theoritical and practical knowledge the forensic processes in the US using the latest, most modern, cutting-edge technology. On the first day, the participants were mainly introduced to basic legal principles. US law practice differs greatly from the situation in Hungary. It is necessary to understand know these differences in order to understand the cases correctly and to implement the best practices. During the other days of the course, the focus will be on practice regarding the investigations. In addition, to reveal and document the traces, the participants will be involved in ballistics as well. At the end of the course, the participants will receive a certificate of completion.


NUPS delegation at XI. RISA Conference in Moscow

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Between 27-29 of September 2017 a NUPS delegation [Dr. Judit Nagy Vice-Rector for International Affairs, Dr. Boglárka Koller Dean (Faculty of International and European Studies, FIES), Dr. János Bóka Vice-Dean (FIES), Dr. Zsuzsanna Peres Vice-Dean (Faculty of Science of Public Governance and Administration), Dr. Zoltán Szenes University Professor (FIES), Dr. Tamás Szemlér Associate Professor (FIES)], visited the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University).

Our institutions have been actively cooperating in the last year that featured a visit by the Rector of NUPS in Moscow, and a presentation by Tamás Szemlér at the X RISA Conference. This May an MGIMO delegation visited NUPS, and in the framework of this visit the negotiating partners accepted an action plan for cooperation.

The cooperation between the Faculty of Political Science of MGIMO and FIES of NUPS started in the field of research and education of transregional relations, in this aspect the current visit was a significant milestone.

On 27 September, the delegation conducted negotiations with Dr. Vladimir Morozov Vice-Rector and Prof. Dr. Professor Alexei Vosskresenski (Dean of the Faculty of Political Science) about further cooperation and visited the University’s new building, the library, and the MGIMO museum. MGIMO is rightly proud of its high quality infrastructure, wide range of international relations and exceptional language teaching expertise.

On 28 and 29 September the delegation participated in the XI. Annual Congress of Russian International Studies Association (RISA, in Russian: RAMI), where different questions of the topic Imperial Dialectic: revolution versus continuity was discussed by 1100 participants, in 100 sections, of four fields. Each member of the Hungarian delegation participated in the international professional workshop named Transregionalism, regional integration models and regional project in Eurasia. Dr. Boglárka Koller, Dr. János Bóka, Dr. Tamás Szemlér held presentations, Dr. Boglárka Koller, Dr. Zoltán Szenes led a section, and the others were asked to participate as discussants. On the closing day Dr. Zoltán Szenes delivered a presentation in the Balkan section, and the delegation participated in the meeting organised by Valdai International Club discussing the topic of Eurasia in the 21st century.  

On Friday’s final meeting, the parties agreed to continue and further enhance the cooperation. Consequently, the Russian experts are invited to participate at the conference organised by FIES on 21 November on the occasion of the Day of the Hungarian Diplomacy, and a joint volume will be prepared on the topic of transregionalism.

The journey ended with tangible results and it highlighted the significance of the study of the Eurasian Economic Union, further research on transregional relations and the importance of Russian language as an important regional and global vehicle for communication. 


Chairman of the European Union Military Committee visited NUPS

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General Mikhail Kostarakos, chairmain of the European Union Military Committee visited the National University of Public Service on 28 September, 2017. The head of the European Union Military Committee shared his thoughts on the joint European defence in the Széchenyi Assembly Hall of the Ludovika Campus.

In his introduction, Mr. Kostarakos firstly thanked NUPS for the opportunity to share the experiences of his long service with the audience, especially since it was full of young cadets and officers. He followed this up with an ancient Greek quote highlighting how much the Greek national has sacrificed for the defence of Europe throughout the centuries.  The General continued with a remark on the euphoric times that were seen on the Old Continent at the turn of the century, during the early 2000s. This resulted in negligence as far as defence forces were concerned, military budgets were reduced and subsequently defence capabilities suffered from this. The effects of this cost cutting can still be felt nowadays.

Without mentioning any specific examples, Mr. Kostarakos showed that, if we read the news we can all see how the World has changed since these euphoric times, and that the issue of joint European defence is a really serious one these days. The BREXIT referendum in 2016 further changed the conditions of Europe and decision makers had to react to this. "We have done more in the last 16 months for European defence, than we had done in the last 16 years" - remarked General Kostarakos. He also stressed that the security of Europe cannot be imagined without NATO, since NATO is the most successful defence organisation in history. As far as defence was concerned, he detailed the term, and explained that he did not only mean defence by military means, but also strengthening the coast guards, border guards, and ensuring the security of citizens. He considered it vitally important to also remind the audience that NATO and the European Union are working together on the defence of Europe, in stark contrast to what some experts say, when they claim that the EU is working on undermining its own security.

Gen. Kostarakos mentioned Smart Power, when describing the efforts of the above mentioned defence alliances are doing to ensure security. This method combines all the good traits of soft power - such as diplomacy and economic aid - with that of hard power, which are military means. This new method was created based on the experiences, which showed that none of the powers alone can ensure total security. During the course of history, political powers could never be solved via military means. At the same time, he also underlined that some act aggressively against our Western way of life, either by attacks on the member states of the European Union or attacks on our greatest ally, the United States, and these aggressive actions can only be answered by military force.

In conclusion, the General remarked that the most important thing is the will to do something in this case. Although there is a need to further improve defence capabilities, European countries already spend a substantial amount of the military, and the key is not to only talk about defence, but also to do something about it in a joint, coordinated way using Soft Power.

Mikhail Kostarakos was born in Thessaloniki, and started his military career in 1974 at the Hellenic Military Academy. He served at the HAWK surface to air missile battalion for considerable time, and later fulfilled various NATO roles. Later, he was the leader of the Joint Operation Centre of KFOR.


The Philippines opened the new season of the Ambassadors’ Forum at Ludovika

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The first guest of the new semester of the Ambassadors’ Forum at Ludovika was H.E. Maria Fe T. Pangilinan Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of the Philippines to Hungary who hold her presentation titled “The Philippines Today and Bilateral Relations with Hungary” in the St. Ladislaus Chapel of the Ludovika main building.

H.E. Maria Fe T. Pangilinan has served as ambassador in Budapest since 2015. Her Excellency has studied in Sweden and Belgium in the field of international law and worked at the Office of the United Nations and International Organisations (UNIO) at the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA), and she was an occasional lecturer at the Foreign Service Institute (FSI) before. Her foreign relations career was started at the consulate in Bonn and then in Bern in the position of deputy and later chief secretary. She served as Chief Consul at the Embassy of the Republic of the Philippines in Prague, Barcelona, and Bucharest, Athens and even London. Her current responsibility extends to Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina as well.

As a lead up to the presentation, the audience was treated with a colourful presentation on the natural beauty, flora and fauna, as well as cuisine and traditions of the Philippines. The country consists of 7641 islands, and its inhabitants speak 120 languages next to numerous dialects. Her Excellency mentioned that despite of the young populations, they have to face many issues currently.

The country has a very rich history. It was first a Spanish colony, and later came under the influence of the United States. It was occupied by Imperial Japan during the Second World War and it finally gained its independence  from Spainon 12 June 1898. Following the war, the whole country, including its capital city Manila, had to be rebuilt. After it gained independence it had to face many internal and external challenges including communist and Muslim insurgencies, bankruptcy, indebtedness, financial crises, voting fraud and corruption. Under the governance of Fidel V. Ramos, the economy flourished, but it was destroyed by the monetary crisis in 1997. Currently, Rodrigo Duterte serves as the President of the Philippines since 2016.

Her Excellency highlighted that her country is one of the founders of the United Nations and also of the ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations). Its foreign policy rests on the three principles of maintaining national security, furthering economic prosperity and ensuring the right of Filipinos living abroad. As more than 10 million Filipinos live abroad, this is a really important task too.

To achieve these aims, they try to be on good terms with more and more nations. Her two roundtable partners were Dr. János Jelen, rector of the Dharma Gate Buddhist College, and Ferenc Jári, Director of the South and Southeast Asian Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade in Hungary. The event was moderated as usual by NUPS’s foreign policy expert, Dr. János Bóka, Vice-Dean for Science and International Affairs at the Faculty of International and European Studies.
Dr. Bóka highlighted that the purpose of the event is to encourage an open and honest discussion between embassies in Hungary.

“The Philippines is a curious meeting point of east and west, full of charming people and picturesque scenery that cannot be compared to anything else, and Hungary also has many ties of the Philippines”, remarked the Vice-Dean.

According to Ferenc Jári, the cooperation with the Philippines fits right into the colourful foreign policy of Hungary nowadays. The close relations between the Philippines and the united States was also mentioned and according to Her Excellency, “the Unites States is one of the most reliable ally of her nation.” To the question regarding how this relationship changed in the recent past, the Ambassador replied that although they have a bilateral defence treaty with the Unites States, they know that they are not the only nation under the protection of America. Everybody wants to react to out changing world, and living together peacefully in this world has increasingly more importance. According to János Jelen, the colourful religious background of the region rests on mutual respect and understanding, which encourages this. According to Ferenc Jári, time is also needed for good developments to show.


International Welcome Day

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The National University of Public Service has gained great popularity at the international level with its fall semester opening with 124 incoming students from all around the world.

The students were greeted with the traditional “Welcome Day” ceremony on 14 September in the Assembly Hall of the Ludovika Campus. The international students were welcomed by Dr. (Pol. Col.) Judit Nagy, Vice-Rector for International Affairs, as well by several Deans and Vice-Deans from NUPS’ faculties.

The domestic appreciation of NUPS is further enhanced by the increasing level of interest in its programmes at the international level. While most incoming students arrive through the Erasmus+ Programme, an increasing number of students start their MA and PhD studies at NUPS based on the Stipendium Hungaricum Scholarship Programme or their respective individual self-financing.

This semester 94 exchange students have arrived from Europe via the Erasmus+ Programme. Furthermore, 30 students have come from non European countries, representing several nationalities from Africa and Asia.

NUPS has reached remarkable achievements in Hungary in Erasmus+ international credit mobility projects and is currently among the leading universities receiving support for mobility beyond Europe. Consequently, and due to the national Stipendium Hungaricum Scholarship, the ratio of international students at NUPS is continuously growing, just as the scope of sending countries and the ratio of incoming students from non European countries. An integral part of NUPS’ internationalisation efforts is to have these students actively engaged in university life. Accordingly, both central administration, faculty and student organizations strive for a quicker and more efficient integration process as well as for more available services.


International Disaster Management Summer School with NUPS's Participation

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The seven-day-long event was organised at Arcalia in cooperation between the Institute of Disaster Management of the National University of Public Service and the Faculty of Environmental Science and Engineering at the Babes-Bolyai University.

With participants coming from 5 countries, the topic of the event was the coordination and control of disaster relief teams. Two students represented Hungary. One full-time BA level student and one PhD student as part of his further training. Among the lecturers, NUPS was represented lecturers of the Institute of Disaster Management; Dr. Habil. Ágoston Restás, head of the Department of Fire Protection and Rescue Management, and Dr. Péter Pántya, assistant professor.

The language of the program was in English and it was not about rest at all! Starting early morning, the education finished only after 7 PM each day! The tasks were practice oriented, and following a briefing, each team built its headquarters at a forest clearing. The practiced situational , nonstop 48 hour intervention at a fictional disaster location.

Responsible for organising the training was Prof. dr. Alexandru Ozunu, dean at the Babes Bolyai University, and it took place at the Bethlen castle and its forested park, which is under the management of the Babes-Bolyai University. Dr. Stefanescu Lucrina, researcher and Dr. Zoltán Török also helped in the organisation from Babes-Bolyai. The main trainer and lecturer was Pekka Tiainen disaster management expert from Finland, who has personally worked in numerous disaster relief projects, and Roman Emil also helped his work among the many experts present.

Participating students and lecturers were rewarded for their hard work with certificate of completion worth 4 ETCS points. The consensus among all participants was that despite the tiring workload, the experience was well worth it. 


Summer School about State and Governance

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The latest summer school, organised by Faculty of Science of Public Governance and Administration at the National University of Public Service in cooperation with the Faculty of Law at the Ruhr-Universität in Bochum has been launched on the 21st of August, 2017.

The program is financed by the PADOP 2.1.2. in accordance with the cooperation agreement signed by the two institutes. This summer school is the fourth of its kind held by the National University of Public Service this year.

State and Governance in a Comparative Historical Context is the theme of the course, where 21 students of both the Ruhr-Universität and NUPS. The participants can attend lectures by Dr. Zsuzsanna Peres, associate professor from NUPS’s side, and by Dr. Judit Beke-Martos, director of the International Relations Centre at the Faculty of Law, and the leader of the English language law education from Ruhr-Universität’s side.

The summer school focuses mostly on comparative state and law history, and they also analyse the development of the public service models in Western Europe, Hungary and the United States as well. Historical examples may answer some of the questions of nowadays’ governance issues too. Examples such as the British state model, the French monarchy, and the German states’ state and governance development, the younger, experience-based state model of the Unites States, and the lessons learnt from the  public service systems developed based on different social conditions could place the workings of the current Western European, Hungarian and American public service into a different perspective. It is equally vital for future decision makers, public servants and lawyers to know the past, since ensuring a decision making that considers all aspects is only possible this way.

The summer school places special importance on introducing the state and juridical system of the United States, since the program of the summer school is part of the Anglo-American Law & Language certificate program in Bochum. The students of NUPS can take this course as a free to pick and choose English language subject.


V4 Connects

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European, Regional, Digital and Global Visegrád. These are the sections of the progamme called V4 Connects, launched by the Hungarian Presidency. Since the 1st of July, Hungary is holding the Visegrád 4 (V4) presidency.

On the 1st of July 2017 Hungary has taken over from Poland the presidency of the Visegrád Group, also called the Visegrád 4 or V4. The main pupose of the Group has changed since its establishment on the 15 February 1991, however in general it aims to represent the Central-European countries’ - namely Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary and Slovakia - economical, diplomatic and political interests and to harmonize eventual futur actions. Although the alliance has not been institutionalized over the last 25 years (i.e. it operates on a strictly an intergovernmental base), but since 1999 following a rotating system, one of the four countries has been elected as president of the Group. Thus, Hungary is now fulfilling this position for the fifth time.

The main priorities (after discussions with the members, focusing primarily on on the current issues within the V4), the level and date of the meetings are all predefined in the presidency programs. The current Hungarian presidency launched the program called V4 Connects which contains the following sections: 1. European Visegrád, 2. Regional Visegrád, 3. Digital Visegrád, 4. Global Visegrád.

European Visegrád

The European Visegrád section of the presidency program reflects to the issues the European Union is dealing with, with special attention to the issues occurring within the V4 Group, such as allianceallianceabout the EU’s future, cooperation with European partners, managment of the migration crisis and judicial cooperation.

In the context of the debate over the EU’s future, the program aims to achieve a joint action in the question of “more Europe” vs. “better, stronger Europe”. In this debate, the V4 should aim to vote for the latter, i.e. a “strong Europe of strong nations” Regarding the competitiveness and economical convergence which define the future of EU, the members also elaborate the topics of strengthening the internal market, enhancing R&D and innovation, maintaining cohesion and role of the joint agricultural policies in order to achieve economical convergence in underdeveloped regions In order to manage the European security challenges, the V4 wishes to strengthen the external border defence, duly apply of the Schengen system and they consider the cooperation with Balkan and Eastern European states as priority. According to the program, it is important for the EU to be predictable, and to implement its promises. Thus, the program coordinates the V4 members’ point of views in numerous European questions and it is willing to continue the V4 discussions prior to the debates within the EU institutions. The program also emphasizes the establishment of a common European position in regards to the Brexit negotiations.

The program further highlights the continuation of the consultations with Germany, Austria, Slovenia and the Nordic-Baltic 8 states, the strengthening of the Central European Defence Cooperation. In addition, the V4 considers it important to consult with the UK regarding Brexit and th Romania and Bulgaria regarding the cohesion policy. The Group proposes to extend the latter to Austria, Slovenia and Croatia.

Regarding the responsible management of the migration crisis, the program considers comprehensive response, abolition of migration outside the EU and representation of the common position of the V4s, as well as coordination of positions, cooperation of border police and efficient management of the V4 group’s migration crisis policy.

In the area of judicial cooperation, the program promotes internal stability, legal assistance, protection of victims as well as the support of familes with international issues. For this reason, the Group wishes to organize to high level international conferences.

Regional Visegrád

The Regional Visegrád section of the presidency program has three major areas. The first area includes topics such as relations within the Visegrad Group, parliamentary dimension or the International Visegrad Fund. The second area focuses on the relations with the neighboring regions and the assistance of the West Balkan and Eastern countries. The third area elaborates policy issues such as defence cooperarion, foreign and security policy, non-proliferation, energy policy, energy infrastructure, climate policy, transport policy and infrastructure.

Regarding the relations within the V4 Group, the program seeks to strengthen interparliamentary relations, regional cohesion and cultural diplomacy, to promote common values, to protect national, ethnic and religious minorities and their cultural heritage, to play central role in youth and family policy, nutrition, public health, disability assistance and sports and it wishes to promote cooperation of the V4 public media.

In regards to the Neighbourhood Policy and to the support of the West-Balkan and Eastern partnerships, the Hungarian presidency plans to organize numerous events and high level meetings which would facilitate the European integration of the countries in question and that the issues of these two regions remain on the EU’s agenda.

Regarding the defence cooperation, foreign and security policy and non-proliferation, the Hungarian presidency wishes to continue and deepen the already existing cooperation as the Visegrád Group has already defined a defence cooperation action plan for the period of 2016-2018 and it also has a counterterrorism strategy in place. The key elements in this point are the monitoring of changes, adaptation and - if possible - the strengthening of proactivity.

Similarily to the defence cooperation, the Hungarian presidency also wishes to support the already existing and working initiatives in the field of energy policy and energy infrastructure. The decisive part of this is to strengthen North-South interconnectivity and to support security of supply and market integration efforts, and align the energy and energy infrastructure steps and processes of the V4 with the EU's energy union plans. In the field of climate policy, the coordination of the V4’s and the EU's climate policy, as well as the possible establishment and representation of a joint Visegrád position, is a key objective of the Hungarian presidency. 

Regarding the trasport policy and infrastructure, he presidency program covers three main objectives: 1.) strengthening of North-South transport relations 2.) facilitation of national border crossing 3.) establishing a strong relation between transport professionals.

Digital Visegrád

The Digital Visegrád section of the presidency program reflects on the digital possibilities and challenges of the present era. The program elaborates from this perspective the competitiveness of the V4 including specializations, policies (finance, cohesion, agricultural policy, social dimension, economic policy, labor policy, industry, science, technology, innovation, startups, agriculture, environment, water science) and their purposes and endeavor. At this point we would like to highlight only three purposes that we consider to bey a key area. Firstly, a passage of the presidency program states that a workforce having digital expertise is a key element in any digitalization initiative. Secondly, the program phrases that the labor market opportunities of the new generations makes it inevitable for the V4 countries to digitalize their educational system. Thirdly, in order to increase the potential of talent management within the region, the presidency handles as priority the establishment and strengthening of a modern, international high educational sector, the launching of educational and training programs which would enhance the mobility within the V4 Group.

Global Visegrád

At last, the presidency program’s Global Visegrád section summarizes the V4 priorities in two areas. First is the partnership with states outside of EU: Japan, Korea, USA, African Union, Pacific Community. Second is the promotion of the common cultural, economical and touristic values of the V4 region. The main purpose of this section (the V4 + partnerships and joint international action; tourism and promotion of the region) is to initiate such V4 like events that would facilitate the development of the region’s visibility, economical relations and touristic opportunities. 


Experiences of an International Chair at NUPS

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Ladislav Cabada spent a year as an International Chair at the Faculty of International and European Studies of National University of Public Service. We sat down with Mr. Cabada after the conclusion of his one-year-long appointment to talk about his experiences in the last year, Czech-Hungarian cultural curiosities and his future plans.

How do you feel now that the long academic year is over and the summer holiday has begun? Are you happy to go home, or would you like to stay in Hungary?

I have been for one year abroad – in Hungary – so I am not going on any holidays this year. I have mixed feelings about the conclusion of my tenure here.  On the one hand, I was and in fact I am still satisfied here in Budapest but on the other hand I am looking forward to meet my family and be home.

How was your experience as an International Chair at the National University of Public Service? What were your expectation and aims when you applied, and did you manage to meet them?

Since the very beginning I knew what to expect because Dr. Boglárka Koller informed me well about even before coming here. For example I knew already what kind of lectures I should hold for the students. Overall, I can say that I had very positive experience. I did not feel myself lost in the new institutions and I also made new contacts and friendships here with the colleagues at the department and with the students of course.

Did you have any professional/academic aims set that you wanted to achieve when you started?

Basically there were two separate things. One was the expectations of NUPS: what should I offer as a teacher and also what my research plans are. I would say I managed to fulfil 70% of my individual research plan so far. On the other hand I had some personal idea about what I would like to develop and focus on. I was reading and writing a lot, I am finalizing a book about the Visegrád Four with an Austrian colleague as co-author. I was also cooperating with colleagues at the faculty, and there will be a lot of follow up activities. I would say that when I officially leave the faculty 31 July, the work together will continue.

And from all those great things you have achieved what is the one thing that you are the most proud of and would like to highlight?

I managed to visit some really good conferences including conferences in the Czech Republic, Korea, Austria and soon I am going to the European Youth Conference in Poland. If I compare this to the previous period, it was a real success and something new in my professional career.

And now from the present, let us go back a bit into the past. Could you tell us a few words about your academic background? What were you researching and doing at your home university before?

I started in 1991 at the Charles University in Prague and studied political science with specific focus on Eastern Europe. After studying one year in Slovenia, I became the new leader of the department of political science in Pilzen where I spent almost 6 years and we developed BA, MA and PhD levels of political science education. Then I was elected for 4 years as a dean at the faculty of art at the same university. After this period I got a new challenge and went to the biggest private university in Czech lands, the Metropolitan University in Prague, I work there nowadays as a vice rector for research. My professional orientation is Central Europe with focus on political development, constitutionalisation, political actors, political culture, but also transdisciplinary studies, contemporary and modern history or transition to democracy. My researches include not only Visegrád Four, but also Slovenia, Croatia, or generally Wester Balkans.  Eastern Europe, Ukraine and Russia are however out of my scope.

It seems that your academic role is a bit different in the Czech Republic from here and the International Chair program is also relatively new to us, so what do you feel were the strengths of the program and what could be improved.

As an academic leader this was a great and very useful experience. One of the strength of the program is the good organisation of networking possibilities. During this program you have one year to slowly develop and enlarge your network compared to other shorter conferences. I was meeting the colleagues repeatedly and could discuss sometimes very sensitive issues of Hungarian history or the mutual Central European history, which we very often see differently. Secondly I would like to highlight how useful it was for me to meet the students here. I got the opportunity to talk to Hungarian students and the many international students studying at NUPS and conducted very interesting debates with them. And I would like to also mention the excellent library. Ferenc Gazdag brought me to the Béla Király library at the Hungária Krt.

These are all great positive things to hear, but for the sake of improving the experience of the next International Chair here, what things should be changed or improved?

Together with my family we expected some inconveniences regarding bureaucracy which we experienced several times while living aboard. The most horrible thing for me was that I was not insured for almost 3 months. Based on our experience and discussions, Vice-Rectors Prof.Dr. Norbert Kis and later Dr. Judit Nagy prepared distinctive changes in the Int. Chair agenda and framework. Everyone is in the learning phase now.

How do you rate the work of the International Office?                 

In the beginning it was a bit difficult because the colleagues at the office changed so much and we sometimes got different information from different people. Later, there was one dedicated person handling all our issues and working with us, and this experience was really great. She was very helpful. Regardless the frequent personnel changes in the office, I had many positive experiences.

You already mentioned that you did not come here alone, but with your whole family. Did you work together with your wife while being here?

She also applied for this position and she also succeeded.  She focuses more on international security and international relation. We have been working together for almost 2 decades since 1997, so we cooperated also here in Budapest. We are preparing joint articles based on our research done in Hungary. During working hours we didn’t talk much but naturally, I was really happy to have my wife here both as colleague and as a family member.

Was it somehow different working with her here than in the Czech Republic?

Yes it was a bit different. We have two kids, and the smallest one is really young so we shared the care for her thus we did not meet much. Here, thanks to the excellent nursery system we could spend more time together with my wife in the office.

Let’s talk about Hungary and your Hungarian experiences here. Were there any difficulties you encountered, for example because of the language barrier?

This is not my first time in Hungary so I know that the country is very similar to my home country. Of course the language is very challenging and it is different. Since the beginning we were trying to learn it. We were lucky in the supermarket as the information is often shared in other languages too. It is difficult to buy for example train tickets. But every time I left Hungary, I became more sensitive to such issues in other countries. For example in Czechlands, in the subway, they only say everything in Czech, and in Hungary sometimes they at least say it in English too. So my experience of Hungary is very positive form this point of view too.

We already talked about Czech and Hungarian people, so could you elaborate on that a bit. Do you think that the shared history is visible? How different are the two nations socially?

I would say that we are very similar, but that does not mean that we are the same. There are very important differences. One of them, is that you really feel when talking to Hungarians is the religion. Czechs are strongly atheist, and one could feel in Hungary that this is different. However, there are also some periods when we had really different experiences such as the Interwar years. However after creating independent Slovakia, and losing the common border, I have to say that younger generation does not know that much about Hungary anymore. I come from the city Pilsen and one of the oldest part of the city is name Kossuthka but nobody knows why?

You mentioned that you travelled to many places during this one year period. What other Hungarian towns have you visited and what were your favourite places inside Hungary?

I was in Pécs which I like very much. I was also repeatedly in Debrecen. I really like the puszta but not in summertime. I also went to Szentendre several times. I still have plans to visit Gödöllő and Esztergom. We visited the region north from Vác. This is another face of Hungary, more rural and poorer. But in the Czech Republic we do not have this traditional rural countryside anymore because it was destroyed during the communist era. I haven’t visited Szeged yet and I have to visit it next time, but we did not have so much time for traveling we initially hoped to have.

Talking about Hungarian geography and culture, one must also mention Hungarian cuisine. Do you like Hungarian food? What is your favourite dish and can you make it?

I can cook some dishes that I realized only here that are Hungarians. One of my favourite food is paprikás csirke, this is something that my father was cooking when I was a child and I thought it was a typical Czech dish. I like halászlé as well, and we don’t make it in Czechlands. I know lecsó as well. But there is also one thing that I know and do not like. This is fruit soup. I don’t eat that but my daughter loves it. And I also like töltött káposzta, but from my previous experiences, I think this is more western Balkan dish and Hungarian. Mixed dishes are also very typical for Central Europe.
And as for drinks I naturally like Hungarian wines and pálinka too. My favourite is körtepálinka.

My final question, you seemed to have enjoyed your experience here, so would you like to come back to Hungary, and when will you do so?

Frankly said, I was thinking about applying once again. My wife did and she succeeded. But there are two problems. One is the family and the other one is my job in Prague. Being vice-rector, I cannot imagine that my university would allow me to stay one more year abroad. I had to travel back every two weeks. I was using the night busses and it was exhausting for me. Secondly, our daughter is 10 years old and next year she is going to attend the 5th class in a Czech school. But from this class, you are applying to the entrance to the high school. If she stayed here, it would limit her strongly. If I were alone and without important promises I would apply again. It was a great year, and I am really happy that my wife applied and that she will stay and continue the work here.


The first ever V4 Summer School has started at NUPS

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The summer university season at the National University of Public Service has started with a summer school focusing on Visegrad Four and the European Union.  The one-week-long program is organised by the Faculty of International and European Relations and started on 17 July 2017.

In her opening remarks, Dr. habil. Boglárka Koller, dean of the Faculty of International and European Studies told the participants that although the faculty is only 3 years old, it already has a great amount of research going on thanks to the multidisciplinary approach that incorporates history, law and political sciences into international studies.
“The field of international relations creates competition among the student applicants with the best results and language skills” – she remarked. The Dean also mentioned the already existing International Public Service Relation master programme and talked about the new, English language programme under development focusing on identity politics.

Following the opening remarks it was Dr. János Bóka, Vice-dean for at the Faculty of International and European Studies who talked about the concept and the aims to be achieved in the course of the V4 & EU Summer University. He highlighted that this is a very topical issue because Hungary is holding the rotating presidency of the Visegrad Group now.
“There is great emphasis placed on the V4 nowadays, since it seems that it has found its place in the European cooperation network” – said Dr. Bóka. He also remarked that the lectures and workshops of the summer school are great place for interested students and researcher to discuss the increased importance and future role of the V4.

The one-week-long course is organised by NUPS with the co-operation of Matej Bel University (Banská Bystrica), Metropolitan University (Prague), Pan-European University (Bratislava), University of West Bohemia (Plzen) and The Centre for the Studies of New Security Challenges (Edinburgh, UK) and it is hosted by the Orczy Dormitory of the University.  Each day of the course is delegated to the discussion of one issue with the question of multi-speed Europe on Monday, euroscepticism on Tuesday, EU - Russia relations and security and defence policy on Wednesday, European cooperation formats on Thursday, and 


2017 Global Minority Rights Summer School at NUPS

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The increasingly popular Global Minority Rights Summer School, which has been organized for the fifth time in cooperation between the National University of Public Service, the Tom Lantos Institute and the Middlesex University of London, has started today. During the intense, one week long course, the invited renowned professors, researchers and practitioners, as well as the participating students are looking for answers to the question of what role does populism fulfil in the lives of vulnerable minorities around the world.

At the opening ceremony of the summer school, Anna-Mária Bíró, Director of the Tom Lantos Institute and Dr. Balázs Vizi, Head of the Department of International Law at the Faculty of International and European Studies greeted the participants. Anna-Mária Bíró stressed the importance of the above mentioned question and wished a successful week of learning to the participants. A week, where they should not be afraid to ask and wonder about these difficult questions. Dr. Balázs Vizi expressed his content on NUPS being a part of this important event which is a really respected in this field and serves are a great meeting point for all those interested in minority issues.

The lectures of the one week long course started right after the opening ceremony. They are going to cover such important issues as populism and liberal democracy, media in the age of populism, and the EU’s reaction to populism. One of the main roundtable discussions are going to be about cross-border activism and minorities in multi-national states.  In the second part of the week case studies are going to be presented on various countries including India, Israel and Bosnia and Herzegovina.


National University of Defense Technology delegation visited NUPS

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A high ranking delegation from the National University of Defense Technology (NUDT) - or by its full name the People's Liberation Army National University of Defense Science and Technology – visited the National University of Public Service on the 6th of July 2017.

The delegation visited NUPS as part of their 3-day-long Hungarian visit. It was headed by Lieutenant General  Wang Jianwei, political commissar at NUDT; and also included Senior Colonel Xia Zhihe, political commissar of the College of Computer at NUDT;  Senior Colonel  Chen Xiaoqian, dean of the College of Aerospace Science and Engineering;  senior colonel Cai Weibin, political commissar of the College of Humanities and Social Science;  senior colonel Li Geng, director of the Foreign Affairs Office;  Mr. Dr. Shi Haiming university professor of the College of Humanities and Social Science; senior colonel Zhang Dengwan, Military Attaché of the People’s Republic of China to Hungary; colonel Gao Riyu Deputy Military Attaché of the People’s Republic of China to Hungary; and major Shi Zhenmin, secretary of the Military Attaché of the People’s Republic of China to Hungary.

At the Ludovika Campus, the guests were met by Dr. (Pol.Brig.Gen) Gábor Kovács, Vice-Rector for Education; Dr. Sándor P. Szabó, Director of Chinese Public Administration, Economy and Society Research Centre; and Ms. Erzsébet Veres, Head of International Relations Office.

Due to the busy schedule the parties had a relatively brief time to discuss cooperation. In the beginning of the meeting Dr. Kovács welcomed the guests and showed the working of NUPS to them in details in an informative presentation. Special interest was placed on the Joint Public Service Exercise that NUPS has been conducting very successfully for years now, and which can serve as an idea for the Chinese experts who wish to reorganise their public service higher education.

Lt. Gen. Wang Jianwei expressed his appreciation to NUPS for welcoming the delegation. He told that the People's Liberation Army National University of Defense Science and Technology is a really prestigious institution in China. It is under direct control of the Central Defence Committee and its role is to train highly educated defence professionals as well as develop cutting edge military technology.  The institution has more than 13 thousand students of which more than 5000 are MA or PhD level. The Chinese delegation was naturally also very interested in the work of the Chinese Public Administration, Economy and Society Research Centre of the Faculty of International and European Studies. Dr. Sándor P. Szabó explained the complex work of the centre, while highlighting that more than 100 students learn Mandarin Chinese and many more take part in Chinese cultural and political courses annually. The meeting was concluded in a positive atmosphere where both parties expressed the desire to follow up on this event and cooperate in the future.


KIPA’s Delegation Visit NUPS

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A delegation from KIPA - Korea Institute of Public Administration - visited the National University of Public Service (NUPS) on the 4th of July 2017.

The Korean delegation was headed by Dr. (Mr). Yoon-soo JUNG, President of KIPA, Dr. (Mr). Jong Hun CHAE, Director of the Department of Public Safety and Social Cohesion Research, Dr.(Ms). Eunju KIM, Associate Research Fellow at the Center for International Public Cooperation and Ms. Danbee LEE, Researcher at the Center for International Public Cooperation.

The Korea Institute of Public Administration (KIPA) is a government-sponsored research institute in South Korea, established in October 1991. It work in close cooperation with the prevailing Korean government and President analysing methods, conducting research on good governance and various other tasks. KIPA was founded as a national research institute with the aim of advancing Korea's administrative capability through research on ways of improving the country's administrative systems and their operation, systemic collection and management of diverse information on public service. It also has respectable international presence with Memorandum of Understanding signed with 21 countries around the world.

KIPA's delegation visited NUPS to follow up on the MoU signed between the two institutions in 2014. The delegation was welcomed by Dr. (Pol.Col) Judit Nagy, Vice-Rector for International Affairs at NUPS, and Prof. Dr. András Patyi, Rector of NUPS introduced the guests into the working of the university. The Hungarian side of the discussion also involved experts in many fields where KIPA is also active. Dr. (Pol.Brig.Gen) Gábor Kovács, Vice-Rector for Education, Dr. Zsuzsanna Peres, Vice-Dean for Science and International Affairs at the Faculty of Science of Public Governance and Administration, Dr. Ágoston Restás, Head of Department at the Institute for Disaster Management, Dr. Sándor P. Szabó, Director of Chinese Public Administration, Economy and Society Research Centre, Dr. János Bóka, Vice-Dean for Education at the Faculty of International and European Studies, and Ms. Erzsébet Veres, Head of International Relations Office were all present to discuss further fields of cooperation.

During the visit, the parties agreed on the main areas of future cooperation in education, research and publication, and also decided to pursue a number of specific activities all in accordance with strengthening and expanding the MoU signed in 2014. The delegation from KIPA was especially interested in E-Governance research conducted at NUPS and expressed their intentions to participate in the annual E-Governance conference held at the Ludovika Campus.


UNG’s Rector visits NUPS

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Dr. Bonita Jacobs, Rector of the University of North Georgia (UNG) visited the National University of Public Service on 27 June 2017. As known, the two institutes signed a partnership agreement in May 2017. The purpose of this meeting in Budapest was to further discuss steps of implementation of the agreement.

Other participants of the event were Prof. Dr. András Patyi, Rector; Prof. Dr. József Padányi, Eng. Major General, Vice-Rector for Science; Dr. Gábor Kovács, Pol. Brigadier General, Vice-Rector for Education; Dr. Judit Nagy, Pol.Col., Vice-Rector for International Affairs and Prof. Dr. Norbert Kis, Dean of Faculty of Science of Public Governance and Public Administration. After the strategic meeting in the morning with the leadership of the university, Bonita Jacobs had a tour around the Ludovika Campus where she visited the newly-built educational units and the Ludovika Main building. Later, she negotiated with the management of the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training regarding the extension of the agreement.

The relation between the two institutes has begun in October 2015 when the representatives of UNG first visited our university. At that time they initiated the signing of a bilateral partnership agreement in respect of civilian student and officer cadet exchanges and internship programmes. Subsequently, during another visit in autumn 2016 in Hungary, the American and Hungarian parties agreed on new possibilities for cooperating in cybersecurity and defense. The continuous implementation of this cooperation was also supported by the Fulbright scolarship program earned by Csaba Bakos Lieutenant Colonel, instructor at the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training. Within the framework of this programme, he is performing research and educational activities at the American partner institute until July 2017.  As part of the agreement, both institutes encourage its students to participate in summer universities and internship possibilities. They provide research, educationl, student mobility opportunities for each other. In May 2017 two American cadets have arrived to the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training for a two months period. They shared their personal experiences with the Management during a lunch together. To maintain reciprocity, two students from NUPS will travel to UNG and they will spend five weeks there. Also, in September 2017 another student from UNG will arrive who is going to spend a nine-week-long internship at the International Relations Office. 

The UNG was founded in January 2013. However taking its predecessors into account, it is a higher education institution with a history dating back to 1873. It is one of the 6 federally designated senior military colleges in the USA. Similarly to NUPS, UNG was also established after the merger of five independent, separate institutes. UNG includes civilian (approx. 80%, 1100 persons) and officer cadets as well (approx. 750 persons in the brigade). It offers a broad range of academic programs with more than 50 undergraduate areas (such as International Affairs, Political Sciene, Marketing, Communication) and around 15 Master programs including Master of Science with a major in Criminal Justice, Master of Public Administration. The cadets are eligible for the undergraduate programs therefore all students graduating in the military studies will have one or two other civilian degree certificate(s), which enhance(s) their competitiveness in the labor market. Several generals of the US Army graduated from the institution. The planning of Degrees and Programs is characterized by comprehensive approach from two aspects: On one hand, the institute offers a parallel educational program both in military and civilian area. Besides that, students need to spend at least a half year in any of the foreign partner institutions. The university is also exemplary in terms of training plans as well as for the coexistence of civilian and professional values and culture.

The Rector of the National University of Public Service has recently announced a tender for its professors and researchers entitled as „Good Governance Knowledge Transfer Program NUPS – USA”  The aim of the application is to promote the research and training experience of selected researchers within an American partner university of NUPS durnig the 2017/2018 academic year and to use this experience to further enhance the training and public service programs at NUPS. The winners can spend four to six months in one of the partner institutes of NUPS in the USA, such as the University of North Georgia.


NUPS hosts a Hungarian-Vietnamese Investment Conference

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Legal, administrative and political questions - these were, among others, the topics of the Hungarian-Vietnamese conference hosted in the Zrínyi Hall of the Ludovika Main building.

Dr. Judit Nagy, Vice-Rector for International Affairs at NUPS highlighted that it was an honour for the University to organize the Hungarian-Vietnamese Investment professional Conference during which the participants discussed and analyzed administrative and political matters. The Conference welcomed guests from five renowned institutions. She added that, beside highlighting professional issues and facilitating international knowledge transfer, the event was also significant for the reason that NUPS endeavors to sign a partnership agreement with two Vietnamese universities with the aim of promoting education, research and mobility.

Prof. Dr. András Patyi, being the host of the event expressed: “I’m pleased to see that NUPS gave place to this high level conference”. The Rector emphasized that knowing Vietnam and cooperating with it is a fundamental task for each country and EU member states as Vietnam is one of the most dynamically developping countries in Southeast Asia. He added that mutual recognition and good experience shall be the basis of a future friendship.

On behalf of the Ministry of Justice Krisztián Kecsmár welcomed the guests. The Minister of State for European and International Judicial Cooperation said that the two countries have a traditionally well managed bilateral relationship: a bilateral investment treaty and an agreement to avoid double taxation are in place. The Secretary of State also described the role of arbitral tribunals and ordinary courts.   As he said, Vietnam, as well as Hungary, is part of the 1958 UN Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards, which ensures cross-border enforcement of arbitration decisions. The Secretary of State informed the participants that a new Hungarian Arbitration Act was adopted in 2017, which places its organizational framework on new foundations. In Hungary, the review of the bilateral contract has been planned for years. Referring to this initiative, Krisztián Kecsmár announced that Vietnam is going to be the first country with whom the Hungarian state will start the negotiations.

Le Tien Chau, Rector of the Hanoi University and Deputy Minister of Justice reflected on the history of Hungarian-Vietnamese diplomatic relations: Progress has been made between the two countries by facilitating high-level delegation exchanges in the past ten years and also by signing fifteen agreements between the two parties. He stated that the Vietnamese Government has put great emphasis on cooperation with Hungary and they intend to invite more Hungarian investors to Vietnam. They beleive that this conference was a great platform for higher education professionals to share their experiences and knowledge in the given areas.

From the University of Szeged Prof. Dr. Attila Badó, professor at the Faculty of Law and Political Sciences has welcomed the participants on behalf of the university’s Rector. The Head of the Institute of Comparetive Law at Szeged said that it was challenging to organize the event given the fact that it required the cooperation of four universities and two ministries but because of the importance of the topics, they wanted to make it happen.

During the conference, the following topics among others were on the agenda: importance of free trade agreements, standards and values; past and present factors affecting the Vietnamese jurisdiction and regulations; the economic strategy of the Vietnamese government; the legal and economic environment of domestic investments; the European common markets and international trade and investment agreements.

The project was funded by PADOP-2.1.2.-CCHOP-15-2016-00001 - priority project titled „ Public Service Development Establishing Good Governance”.

For more details, see the July issue of Bonum Publicum.


2017 Cyber Security Summit III: Cyber Program and Workforce Development

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The third International Cyber Summit of this year was held at the National University of Public Service. The event that hosted 30 experts from 9 different countries focused on cyber program and workforce development. The conference was organised by the Hungarian Ministry of Defence and the Joint Cyber Center of the United States European Command.

The event was opened by Mr. Christopher Brown of United States EUCOM Joint Cyber Center. Mr. Brown thanked the Hungarian Ministry of Defence for its cooperation, and also explained that the focus of this event is on the development and build-up of cyber programs, and last but not least cyber-security threats. It was also a vital event as far as cyber-security trainings were concerned: next to networking, the participants can also get to know the good practices of other nations in this field.

From the Hungarian Ministry of Defence’s side, Colonel Talabos Tibor of the Electronic Information-protection Department greeted the participants. He also stressed the importance of the summit and also making the public aware that there is a cyber-space around them and there are dangerous threats involved in that. Col. Donald Baker, Senior Defense Attaché of the United States Embassy in Budapest expressed his content on seeing both civilian and military experts at the event, since both side are important and he hoped that the cooperation can continues into the future.

Lt Col. Jose Luis Quintero Villarroya from the Coordination Branch of the Spanish Joint Cyber Command continued the presentation talking about the Spanish methods of cyber-security. He told the audience that the cyber-space is a new phenomenon, which has no clear borders yet. Cyber- attacks threaten nations with their incredible speed and unpredictability. Spain is planning and executing various cyber-military actions since 2013 and consider guarding the cyber-space as their main task. Lt Col. Quintero Villarroya finished his speech further reminding everybody about the importance of cooperation in cyber issues.

The program continued with Col. Douglas Huffman, Cyber Operations Advisor to US EUCOM who introduced the Center founded in 2010 and encompassing 133 teams with 6000 staff. Their motto is partnerships and team work, since these never before seen cyber-attacks can only be fend off jointly. Col. Huffman underlined that no nation should face this threat alone.

Lt Col. Michael Fraas, Chief Future Development at the recently founded German Cyber Command continued by introducing the new Command and also remarked that, in a few years, cyber operations are going to be just as integral in any military operation like army or air force assets. The objectives of the newly established Command are still under development, but they will definitely include the defence of Germany from cyber-attacks, innovative IT management, cyber and information security including cryptology, and it also includes HR as a cornerstone of the whole organisation. Lt Col. Fraas netioned that there is a lack of staff in this field the the University of Federal Armed Forces in Munich is supposed to change that. Currently there are 200 students attending it with full-time scholarship for four years. Here they gain the necessary knowledge, so later they can work as experts in this profession. The Command places great emphasis on equal right too, so female officers and mother can participate in the program as well.

Col. Károly Kassai from the Cyber Defence Centre of the Military National Security Service in Hungary concluded the first morning session of the event. He said that the first Cyber Security Strategy of Hungary was created in 2013, revised in 2015 and that they are working on a revision this year too. There is also a ministry program running since 2015 until 2018 that aims at modernising the IT systems including cyber security measures. Experts have to face with the use of false terminology or the complete lack of it, and also the organisation of topical trainings.

During the course of the two-day-long event, experts will be discussing the role of military cyber-security experts, the training of cyber inspectors and how can one build a world class system of security measures.


Threats and Challenges of Hybrid Warfare for European Security Panel Discussion

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The National University of Public Service, in cooperation with the Embassy of the United States of America, the Embassy of Ukraine, the Embassy of Canada and the Embassy of the United Kingdom hosted a panel discussion titled Threats and Challenges of Hybrid Warfare for European Security under the framework of the Focus on Ukraine event series.

The event held on 15 June, 2017. generated much public interest and distinguished experts of various security fields shared their knowledge with a packed Zrínyi Hall at the Ludovika Campus. The discussion was moderated by Prof. Dr. Zoltán Szenes form the International Security Studies Department at Faculty of International and European Studies of NUPS, while the guests and the audience was greeted by Dr. Judit Nagy, Vice-Rector for International Affairs on behalf of NUPS.

The Vice-Rector welcomed all the distinguished guests, the ambassadors, experts and all members of the audience. She highlighted that it is an honour for the National University of Public Service to cooperate with so many embassies on such a serious and complex topic.

The Vice-Rector’s opening remarks were followed by the first part of the panel discussion, where military and security experts shared their view on the challenges of hybrid warfare, especially in the context of Ukraine and Russian hybrid warfare tactics. Before the experts’ session however, Chargé d’Affaires of the United States Embassy to Hungary David J. Kostelancik gave a speech on the vitally important situation of Ukraine. Mr. Kostelancik clearly stated how important Ukraine is not only to the United Stated, but also to NATO and all European countries. He explained that this new warfare – hybrid warfare – is conducted by Russia with the aim of damaging Ukraine and its ties to the West. Ukraine is intimidated, violent separatists use arms, energy is used as a weapon against this sovereign state and “a smokescreen of disinformation” is raised by its Eastern neighbour. All these activities blend traditional warfare with new elements in order to achieve Russia’s strategic aims. The Chargé d’Affaires of the United States Embassy urged Russia to honour the Minsk Agreement because the United States stands firm in the support of Ukraine.

The US Chargé d’Affaires was followed by Her Excellency Liubov Nepop, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Ukraine to Hungary. Her Excellency’s speech echoed Mr. Kostelancik earlier remarks and clearly stated the situation in her country. According to her, despite more than ten thousand people lost their lives since the beginning of the war that it is not only contested by military means. Russia uses disinformation, propaganda, cyber-attacks, and energy attacks in order to punish Ukraine for its Trans-Atlantic ties as well as cooperation with Europe. She deemed this action as part of the ancient “Divide and rule “principle and urged Ukraine, Europe, the United States and all its allies to stand united against such a threat.

First of the experts to share his opinion was Colonel Gábor Boldizsár, from the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training. Colonel Boldizsár started his presentation first by defining the term “hybrid warfare”. Then he drew on his extensive field experience in military missions to both Afghanistan and Kosovo. Colonel Boldizsár also set up a theoretical framework in his speech by identifying 4 phases of hybrid warfare. In this concluding thoughts he mentioned that Hungary stands as an ally of Ukraine and Hungarian military scientists help in the development of Ukrainian military higher education.

The second presentation of the session a joint effort by military aviation experts Colonel Dr. Zoltán Krajnc and 1st Lieutenant János Csengeri, both represents the Faculty of Military Science and Officer Training. In their two-part presentation they underlined the role of airpower in hybrid warfare situations. Dr. Krajnc mentioned why airpower is one of the ideal tools of hybrid warfare, since it has “minimal intrusiveness, rapid response, rapid mobility, rapid engagement and improved strategic, operational, and tactical situational awareness“. In the second part of the talk Mr. Csengeri identified 3 aggression categories "nonviolent subversion, covert violent actions, conventional warfare supported by political subversion” and also showed an example of a hybrid conduct of war in Kosovo in 1999, when conventional weapons, terrorism against the population, and irregular forces were used too.

The final expert of the first section was Dr. András Rácz senior lecturer at the Pázmány Péter Catholic University. Dr. Rácz is a renowned expert of the topic as he was the first person in Hungarian to write about hybrid war. Dr. Rácz underlined how much Russia uses and develops its hybrid strategies. That is it part of the official Russian military doctrine to conduct such operations and that is has evolved a lot since 2008 when the Russians first used modern hybrid strategy against Georgia. He also made it clear that the strategy works undeniably well for Russia as it is illustrated by the situation in Ukraine and also in Syrian since the Assad regime is still has not be toppled. “There is no reason to believe that Russia will stop using this method in the foreseeable future” – said András Rácz. In fact, he pointed to other developments of Russian strategy that have been used lately, such as naval and long distance strikes in Syria – the first time their warplanes engaged in action outside of their country of since the Soviet-Afghan war in the 1980’s – and also interfering with election in both the United States and France. Dr. Rácz concluded that Russia is an adversary that is constantly improving its strategy and we must quickly learn how to counter it, which is he believes can be done by more cooperation.

The speeches were followed by a question and answer session where, among others His Excellency Petri Tuomi-Nikula, Ambassador of Finland to Hungary, and Her Excellency Isabelle Poupart, Canadian Ambassador to Ambassador to Hungary, Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina raised issues for discussion.

The second part of the panel discussion continued following a short coffee break and saw speeches from Péter Kaderják, the Director of the Regional Centre for Energy Policy Research at the Corvinus University of Budapest, Dr. Botond Feledy, Director of Saint Ignatius College and Dr. Csaba Krasznay, director of the Cyber-Security Academia at NUPS. Mr. Feledy talked about civilian and military cooperation in cyber-security, and how fake news can be combated. Mr. Kaderják detailed how energy is used as a weapon against Ukraine and how the gas supply systems in Central and Eastern Europe. Last but not least, Mr. Krasznay presented a case study in detail about a Russian cyber-attack on a Ukrainian power plant, where a malware was used as a weapon. In his final remarks he stressed that cyber-security education is the easiest way to counter such threats and that is why NUPS also places great emphasis on cyber-security education as part of the Cyber-Security Academia.


NUPS’ delegation visited American universities

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Together with other members of the university’s leadership, Prof. Dr. András Patyi, the Rector of National University of Public Service visited 4 American universities recently. Along with establishing academic cooperation and joint research programs, the delegation also agreed on a student mobility program with the University of North Georgia – Prof. Dr. Patyi told MTI, a Hungarian news agency.


He recalled up on the fact that NUPS did huge steps towards establishing transatlantic cooperation even in 2016. This is one of the reasons why the American Studies Research Centre was established at the Faculty of International and European Studies. NUPS’s delegation visited Indiana University, University of North Georgia (UNG), Marymount University and George Washington University in May.

While visiting the University of North Georgia, The President of UNG Bonita Jacobs and the rector of NUPS András Patyi signed a memorandum of understanding regarding student mobility cooperation both for education and professional practice. As initiated in the cooperation, NUPS already hosts two students from UNG, while a researcher from NUPS is working at the American partners and he is soon followed by two students in August. UNG, as its name suggests is located in the state of Georgia, and has 4 campuses with 18 thousand students state-wide. Just like NUPS, this university was established via the integration of various institutions. It is not entirely a military academy, since they have many BA level programs offered for civilians, and the 800 officer cadets may take part in these too. Officer training places great emphasis on gaining international experience: cadets and students alike have to spend one semester abroad. UNG is one of the six principal officer training schools in the United States, and “the greatest evidence of the education’s quality here is that many generals of the United States Army have graduated from here” – told the Rector. UNG’s programs offered cover a wide range of various fields including military sciences, political science and international relations, and these all offer great cooperation opportunities between the two universities.

Marymount University – which was established in 1950 as an independent Catholic school, and which is located just a few minutes outside of Washington – and NUPS has already signed a five-year-long memorandum of understanding last year. Maymount University offers many undergraduate, graduate and doctoral programs to its students. Their cooperation with NUPS mainly centres on criminalistics, crime investigation and cyber-security but it also strengthens the academic ties of the two countries and provides an opportunity for researchers and lecturers to participate in joint projects. During NUPS’s recent visit, they discussed all these matters and agreed on a one-week-long, intensive criminalistics training held at NUPS in the autumn.

Indiana University – established in 1820 – has 8 campuses in the state of Indiana and has over 140 thousand altogether. There are 50 thousand students studying at the Bloomington Campus alone. Bloomington has an extremely wide international network with more than 300 overseas programs in 50 countries and these allow one in every four students to participate in student mobility initiatives. The delegation discussed the way of possible cooperation in the future, mainly in international studies, public administration and sustainability. These fields all could fit into the activities of the Faculty of International and European Studies and the Faculty of Water Sciences.

The George Washington University – founded in 1820 – is the largest tertiary level institution in the Washington DC area. It has really high quality partnerships in a wide variety of fields and research programs. NUPS’ delegation negotiated focusing mostly on international studies, public administration and political sciences. Prof. Dr. Patyi highlighted that both institutions are open to hosting young researchers as part of the cooperation too.

The rectors also remarked that in 2016 the university’s partner network got expanded. Under the umbrella of the ERASMUS+ program, 12 agreements were signed, and 10 other such cooperation was established in other ways. These also include many institutions outside of Europe, such as the Federal Ministry of Water Resources of Nigeria, the Hungarian-American Fulbright Commission, the Hong Kong Polytechnic University, the Korean National Defence University, the LEPL - Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia, The Russian Presidental Academy of National Economy and Public Administration North-West Institute of Management (RANEPA), the Shanghai International Studies University, and the The University of Defence in Belgrade. Furthermore, the extended the cooperation with the Tom Lantos Institute too. As part of the government’s Makovecz Program, NUPS is working together with three Hungarian schools outside of Hungary too. These are the Babeș-Bolyai University, University of Constantine the Philosopher and the Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania.


International Staff Week at NUPS

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The International Staff Week – which is organised by the International Relations Office – has been held for the second time in the topic of crisis management. The other main issue is communication in various emergency situations in an international multicultural academic environment. Colleagues dealing with international relations from partner institutions both in Europe and outside of the EU all participate in professional lectures, workshops and cultural programmes. This year’s event series is also open to international students, and many internationals scholarship recipients studying at NUPS also participate.

In the opening ceremony the participants were greeted by the organisers and the representatives of the four faculties located in Budapest. The Faculty of International and European Studies was introduced by Dr. Mónika Szente-Varga, Vice-Dean for Education. She explained that on this faculty boasting more than 500 students, there are many unique programs, and these will be augmented by programs in human rights and identity policy starting from September 2018. According to Szente-Varga, the six departments and the two research institutes – the Chinese Public Administration, Economy and Society Research Centre and the American Studies Research Centre – all make the faculty really interesting.

Tamás Kowalik, Head of the International Office at the Faculty of Science of Public Governance and Public Administration is proud of the fact that more and more public servants are education at the faculty on a yearly basis, and they perform well even in an international environment. Dr. Zoltán Jobbágy, Vice-Dean for Science and International Affairs at the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training highlighted the opportunities in the field of military and academic success at the faculty. The Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training places great emphasis on international opportunities, and at the moment, one of their lecturers participates in the Fulbright program while two American students are also studying at the Faculty.

Last but not least, Dr. Bence Mészáros, acting Vice-Dean for Science and International Affairs at the Faculty of Law Enforcement greeted the participants in the name of Dr. habil (MG) József Boda, the Dean of the faculty. He explained that the faculty is really unique since, next to its academic role, it also serves as the police academy for the Hungarian police force, thus the student can gain hands on experiences during their studies.

During the course of the Staff Week, the participants take part in lectures and can later try their skills in situational exercises and trainings. The main topics include interview and communication training, first aid and crisis management.