How do you feel now that the long academic year is over and the summer holiday has begun? Are you happy to go home, or would you like to stay in Hungary?
I have been for one year abroad – in Hungary – so I am not going on any holidays this year. I have mixed feelings about the conclusion of my tenure here. On the one hand, I was and in fact I am still satisfied here in Budapest but on the other hand I am looking forward to meet my family and be home.
How was your experience as an International Chair at the National University of Public Service? What were your expectation and aims when you applied, and did you manage to meet them?
Since the very beginning I knew what to expect because Dr. Boglárka Koller informed me well about even before coming here. For example I knew already what kind of lectures I should hold for the students. Overall, I can say that I had very positive experience. I did not feel myself lost in the new institutions and I also made new contacts and friendships here with the colleagues at the department and with the students of course.
Did you have any professional/academic aims set that you wanted to achieve when you started?
Basically there were two separate things. One was the expectations of NUPS: what should I offer as a teacher and also what my research plans are. I would say I managed to fulfil 70% of my individual research plan so far. On the other hand I had some personal idea about what I would like to develop and focus on. I was reading and writing a lot, I am finalizing a book about the Visegrád Four with an Austrian colleague as co-author. I was also cooperating with colleagues at the faculty, and there will be a lot of follow up activities. I would say that when I officially leave the faculty 31 July, the work together will continue.
And from all those great things you have achieved what is the one thing that you are the most proud of and would like to highlight?
I managed to visit some really good conferences including conferences in the Czech Republic, Korea, Austria and soon I am going to the European Youth Conference in Poland. If I compare this to the previous period, it was a real success and something new in my professional career.
And now from the present, let us go back a bit into the past. Could you tell us a few words about your academic background? What were you researching and doing at your home university before?
I started in 1991 at the Charles University in Prague and studied political science with specific focus on Eastern Europe. After studying one year in Slovenia, I became the new leader of the department of political science in Pilzen where I spent almost 6 years and we developed BA, MA and PhD levels of political science education. Then I was elected for 4 years as a dean at the faculty of art at the same university. After this period I got a new challenge and went to the biggest private university in Czech lands, the Metropolitan University in Prague, I work there nowadays as a vice rector for research. My professional orientation is Central Europe with focus on political development, constitutionalisation, political actors, political culture, but also transdisciplinary studies, contemporary and modern history or transition to democracy. My researches include not only Visegrád Four, but also Slovenia, Croatia, or generally Wester Balkans. Eastern Europe, Ukraine and Russia are however out of my scope.
It seems that your academic role is a bit different in the Czech Republic from here and the International Chair program is also relatively new to us, so what do you feel were the strengths of the program and what could be improved.
As an academic leader this was a great and very useful experience. One of the strength of the program is the good organisation of networking possibilities. During this program you have one year to slowly develop and enlarge your network compared to other shorter conferences. I was meeting the colleagues repeatedly and could discuss sometimes very sensitive issues of Hungarian history or the mutual Central European history, which we very often see differently. Secondly I would like to highlight how useful it was for me to meet the students here. I got the opportunity to talk to Hungarian students and the many international students studying at NUPS and conducted very interesting debates with them. And I would like to also mention the excellent library. Ferenc Gazdag brought me to the Béla Király library at the Hungária Krt.
These are all great positive things to hear, but for the sake of improving the experience of the next International Chair here, what things should be changed or improved?
Together with my family we expected some inconveniences regarding bureaucracy which we experienced several times while living aboard. The most horrible thing for me was that I was not insured for almost 3 months. Based on our experience and discussions, Vice-Rectors Prof.Dr. Norbert Kis and later Dr. Judit Nagy prepared distinctive changes in the Int. Chair agenda and framework. Everyone is in the learning phase now.
How do you rate the work of the International Office?
In the beginning it was a bit difficult because the colleagues at the office changed so much and we sometimes got different information from different people. Later, there was one dedicated person handling all our issues and working with us, and this experience was really great. She was very helpful. Regardless the frequent personnel changes in the office, I had many positive experiences.
You already mentioned that you did not come here alone, but with your whole family. Did you work together with your wife while being here?
She also applied for this position and she also succeeded. She focuses more on international security and international relation. We have been working together for almost 2 decades since 1997, so we cooperated also here in Budapest. We are preparing joint articles based on our research done in Hungary. During working hours we didn’t talk much but naturally, I was really happy to have my wife here both as colleague and as a family member.
Was it somehow different working with her here than in the Czech Republic?
Yes it was a bit different. We have two kids, and the smallest one is really young so we shared the care for her thus we did not meet much. Here, thanks to the excellent nursery system we could spend more time together with my wife in the office.
Let’s talk about Hungary and your Hungarian experiences here. Were there any difficulties you encountered, for example because of the language barrier?
This is not my first time in Hungary so I know that the country is very similar to my home country. Of course the language is very challenging and it is different. Since the beginning we were trying to learn it. We were lucky in the supermarket as the information is often shared in other languages too. It is difficult to buy for example train tickets. But every time I left Hungary, I became more sensitive to such issues in other countries. For example in Czechlands, in the subway, they only say everything in Czech, and in Hungary sometimes they at least say it in English too. So my experience of Hungary is very positive form this point of view too.
We already talked about Czech and Hungarian people, so could you elaborate on that a bit. Do you think that the shared history is visible? How different are the two nations socially?
I would say that we are very similar, but that does not mean that we are the same. There are very important differences. One of them, is that you really feel when talking to Hungarians is the religion. Czechs are strongly atheist, and one could feel in Hungary that this is different. However, there are also some periods when we had really different experiences such as the Interwar years. However after creating independent Slovakia, and losing the common border, I have to say that younger generation does not know that much about Hungary anymore. I come from the city Pilsen and one of the oldest part of the city is name Kossuthka but nobody knows why?
You mentioned that you travelled to many places during this one year period. What other Hungarian towns have you visited and what were your favourite places inside Hungary?
I was in Pécs which I like very much. I was also repeatedly in Debrecen. I really like the puszta but not in summertime. I also went to Szentendre several times. I still have plans to visit Gödöllő and Esztergom. We visited the region north from Vác. This is another face of Hungary, more rural and poorer. But in the Czech Republic we do not have this traditional rural countryside anymore because it was destroyed during the communist era. I haven’t visited Szeged yet and I have to visit it next time, but we did not have so much time for traveling we initially hoped to have.
Talking about Hungarian geography and culture, one must also mention Hungarian cuisine. Do you like Hungarian food? What is your favourite dish and can you make it?
I can cook some dishes that I realized only here that are Hungarians. One of my favourite food is paprikás csirke, this is something that my father was cooking when I was a child and I thought it was a typical Czech dish. I like halászlé as well, and we don’t make it in Czechlands. I know lecsó as well. But there is also one thing that I know and do not like. This is fruit soup. I don’t eat that but my daughter loves it. And I also like töltött káposzta, but from my previous experiences, I think this is more western Balkan dish and Hungarian. Mixed dishes are also very typical for Central Europe.
And as for drinks I naturally like Hungarian wines and pálinka too. My favourite is körtepálinka.
My final question, you seemed to have enjoyed your experience here, so would you like to come back to Hungary, and when will you do so?
Frankly said, I was thinking about applying once again. My wife did and she succeeded. But there are two problems. One is the family and the other one is my job in Prague. Being vice-rector, I cannot imagine that my university would allow me to stay one more year abroad. I had to travel back every two weeks. I was using the night busses and it was exhausting for me. Secondly, our daughter is 10 years old and next year she is going to attend the 5th class in a Czech school. But from this class, you are applying to the entrance to the high school. If she stayed here, it would limit her strongly. If I were alone and without important promises I would apply again. It was a great year, and I am really happy that my wife applied and that she will stay and continue the work here.
In her opening remarks, Dr. habil. Boglárka Koller, dean of the Faculty of International and European Studies told the participants that although the faculty is only 3 years old, it already has a great amount of research going on thanks to the multidisciplinary approach that incorporates history, law and political sciences into international studies.
“The field of international relations creates competition among the student applicants with the best results and language skills” – she remarked. The Dean also mentioned the already existing International Public Service Relation master programme and talked about the new, English language programme under development focusing on identity politics.
Following the opening remarks it was Dr. János Bóka, Vice-dean for at the Faculty of International and European Studies who talked about the concept and the aims to be achieved in the course of the V4 & EU Summer University. He highlighted that this is a very topical issue because Hungary is holding the rotating presidency of the Visegrad Group now.
“There is great emphasis placed on the V4 nowadays, since it seems that it has found its place in the European cooperation network” – said Dr. Bóka. He also remarked that the lectures and workshops of the summer school are great place for interested students and researcher to discuss the increased importance and future role of the V4.
The one-week-long course is organised by NUPS with the co-operation of Matej Bel University (Banská Bystrica), Metropolitan University (Prague), Pan-European University (Bratislava), University of West Bohemia (Plzen) and The Centre for the Studies of New Security Challenges (Edinburgh, UK) and it is hosted by the Orczy Dormitory of the University. Each day of the course is delegated to the discussion of one issue with the question of multi-speed Europe on Monday, euroscepticism on Tuesday, EU - Russia relations and security and defence policy on Wednesday, European cooperation formats on Thursday, and
At the opening ceremony of the summer school, Anna-Mária Bíró, Director of the Tom Lantos Institute and Dr. Balázs Vizi, Head of the Department of International Law at the Faculty of International and European Studies greeted the participants. Anna-Mária Bíró stressed the importance of the above mentioned question and wished a successful week of learning to the participants. A week, where they should not be afraid to ask and wonder about these difficult questions. Dr. Balázs Vizi expressed his content on NUPS being a part of this important event which is a really respected in this field and serves are a great meeting point for all those interested in minority issues.
The lectures of the one week long course started right after the opening ceremony. They are going to cover such important issues as populism and liberal democracy, media in the age of populism, and the EU’s reaction to populism. One of the main roundtable discussions are going to be about cross-border activism and minorities in multi-national states. In the second part of the week case studies are going to be presented on various countries including India, Israel and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The delegation visited NUPS as part of their 3-day-long Hungarian visit. It was headed by Lieutenant General Wang Jianwei, political commissar at NUDT; and also included Senior Colonel Xia Zhihe, political commissar of the College of Computer at NUDT; Senior Colonel Chen Xiaoqian, dean of the College of Aerospace Science and Engineering; senior colonel Cai Weibin, political commissar of the College of Humanities and Social Science; senior colonel Li Geng, director of the Foreign Affairs Office; Mr. Dr. Shi Haiming university professor of the College of Humanities and Social Science; senior colonel Zhang Dengwan, Military Attaché of the People’s Republic of China to Hungary; colonel Gao Riyu Deputy Military Attaché of the People’s Republic of China to Hungary; and major Shi Zhenmin, secretary of the Military Attaché of the People’s Republic of China to Hungary.
At the Ludovika Campus, the guests were met by Dr. (Pol.Brig.Gen) Gábor Kovács, Vice-Rector for Education; Dr. Sándor P. Szabó, Director of Chinese Public Administration, Economy and Society Research Centre; and Ms. Erzsébet Veres, Head of International Relations Office.
Due to the busy schedule the parties had a relatively brief time to discuss cooperation. In the beginning of the meeting Dr. Kovács welcomed the guests and showed the working of NUPS to them in details in an informative presentation. Special interest was placed on the Joint Public Service Exercise that NUPS has been conducting very successfully for years now, and which can serve as an idea for the Chinese experts who wish to reorganise their public service higher education.
Lt. Gen. Wang Jianwei expressed his appreciation to NUPS for welcoming the delegation. He told that the People's Liberation Army National University of Defense Science and Technology is a really prestigious institution in China. It is under direct control of the Central Defence Committee and its role is to train highly educated defence professionals as well as develop cutting edge military technology. The institution has more than 13 thousand students of which more than 5000 are MA or PhD level. The Chinese delegation was naturally also very interested in the work of the Chinese Public Administration, Economy and Society Research Centre of the Faculty of International and European Studies. Dr. Sándor P. Szabó explained the complex work of the centre, while highlighting that more than 100 students learn Mandarin Chinese and many more take part in Chinese cultural and political courses annually. The meeting was concluded in a positive atmosphere where both parties expressed the desire to follow up on this event and cooperate in the future.
The Korean delegation was headed by Dr. (Mr). Yoon-soo JUNG, President of KIPA, Dr. (Mr). Jong Hun CHAE, Director of the Department of Public Safety and Social Cohesion Research, Dr.(Ms). Eunju KIM, Associate Research Fellow at the Center for International Public Cooperation and Ms. Danbee LEE, Researcher at the Center for International Public Cooperation.
The Korea Institute of Public Administration (KIPA) is a government-sponsored research institute in South Korea, established in October 1991. It work in close cooperation with the prevailing Korean government and President analysing methods, conducting research on good governance and various other tasks. KIPA was founded as a national research institute with the aim of advancing Korea's administrative capability through research on ways of improving the country's administrative systems and their operation, systemic collection and management of diverse information on public service. It also has respectable international presence with Memorandum of Understanding signed with 21 countries around the world.
KIPA's delegation visited NUPS to follow up on the MoU signed between the two institutions in 2014. The delegation was welcomed by Dr. (Pol.Col) Judit Nagy, Vice-Rector for International Affairs at NUPS, and Prof. Dr. András Patyi, Rector of NUPS introduced the guests into the working of the university. The Hungarian side of the discussion also involved experts in many fields where KIPA is also active. Dr. (Pol.Brig.Gen) Gábor Kovács, Vice-Rector for Education, Dr. Zsuzsanna Peres, Vice-Dean for Science and International Affairs at the Faculty of Science of Public Governance and Administration, Dr. Ágoston Restás, Head of Department at the Institute for Disaster Management, Dr. Sándor P. Szabó, Director of Chinese Public Administration, Economy and Society Research Centre, Dr. János Bóka, Vice-Dean for Education at the Faculty of International and European Studies, and Ms. Erzsébet Veres, Head of International Relations Office were all present to discuss further fields of cooperation.
During the visit, the parties agreed on the main areas of future cooperation in education, research and publication, and also decided to pursue a number of specific activities all in accordance with strengthening and expanding the MoU signed in 2014. The delegation from KIPA was especially interested in E-Governance research conducted at NUPS and expressed their intentions to participate in the annual E-Governance conference held at the Ludovika Campus.
Other participants of the event were Prof. Dr. András Patyi, Rector; Prof. Dr. József Padányi, Eng. Major General, Vice-Rector for Science; Dr. Gábor Kovács, Pol. Brigadier General, Vice-Rector for Education; Dr. Judit Nagy, Pol.Col., Vice-Rector for International Affairs and Prof. Dr. Norbert Kis, Dean of Faculty of Science of Public Governance and Public Administration. After the strategic meeting in the morning with the leadership of the university, Bonita Jacobs had a tour around the Ludovika Campus where she visited the newly-built educational units and the Ludovika Main building. Later, she negotiated with the management of the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training regarding the extension of the agreement.
The relation between the two institutes has begun in October 2015 when the representatives of UNG first visited our university. At that time they initiated the signing of a bilateral partnership agreement in respect of civilian student and officer cadet exchanges and internship programmes. Subsequently, during another visit in autumn 2016 in Hungary, the American and Hungarian parties agreed on new possibilities for cooperating in cybersecurity and defense. The continuous implementation of this cooperation was also supported by the Fulbright scolarship program earned by Csaba Bakos Lieutenant Colonel, instructor at the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training. Within the framework of this programme, he is performing research and educational activities at the American partner institute until July 2017. As part of the agreement, both institutes encourage its students to participate in summer universities and internship possibilities. They provide research, educationl, student mobility opportunities for each other. In May 2017 two American cadets have arrived to the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training for a two months period. They shared their personal experiences with the Management during a lunch together. To maintain reciprocity, two students from NUPS will travel to UNG and they will spend five weeks there. Also, in September 2017 another student from UNG will arrive who is going to spend a nine-week-long internship at the International Relations Office.
The UNG was founded in January 2013. However taking its predecessors into account, it is a higher education institution with a history dating back to 1873. It is one of the 6 federally designated senior military colleges in the USA. Similarly to NUPS, UNG was also established after the merger of five independent, separate institutes. UNG includes civilian (approx. 80%, 1100 persons) and officer cadets as well (approx. 750 persons in the brigade). It offers a broad range of academic programs with more than 50 undergraduate areas (such as International Affairs, Political Sciene, Marketing, Communication) and around 15 Master programs including Master of Science with a major in Criminal Justice, Master of Public Administration. The cadets are eligible for the undergraduate programs therefore all students graduating in the military studies will have one or two other civilian degree certificate(s), which enhance(s) their competitiveness in the labor market. Several generals of the US Army graduated from the institution. The planning of Degrees and Programs is characterized by comprehensive approach from two aspects: On one hand, the institute offers a parallel educational program both in military and civilian area. Besides that, students need to spend at least a half year in any of the foreign partner institutions. The university is also exemplary in terms of training plans as well as for the coexistence of civilian and professional values and culture.
The Rector of the National University of Public Service has recently announced a tender for its professors and researchers entitled as „Good Governance Knowledge Transfer Program NUPS – USA” The aim of the application is to promote the research and training experience of selected researchers within an American partner university of NUPS durnig the 2017/2018 academic year and to use this experience to further enhance the training and public service programs at NUPS. The winners can spend four to six months in one of the partner institutes of NUPS in the USA, such as the University of North Georgia.
Dr. Judit Nagy, Vice-Rector for International Affairs at NUPS highlighted that it was an honour for the University to organize the Hungarian-Vietnamese Investment professional Conference during which the participants discussed and analyzed administrative and political matters. The Conference welcomed guests from five renowned institutions. She added that, beside highlighting professional issues and facilitating international knowledge transfer, the event was also significant for the reason that NUPS endeavors to sign a partnership agreement with two Vietnamese universities with the aim of promoting education, research and mobility.
Prof. Dr. András Patyi, being the host of the event expressed: “I’m pleased to see that NUPS gave place to this high level conference”. The Rector emphasized that knowing Vietnam and cooperating with it is a fundamental task for each country and EU member states as Vietnam is one of the most dynamically developping countries in Southeast Asia. He added that mutual recognition and good experience shall be the basis of a future friendship.
On behalf of the Ministry of Justice Krisztián Kecsmár welcomed the guests. The Minister of State for European and International Judicial Cooperation said that the two countries have a traditionally well managed bilateral relationship: a bilateral investment treaty and an agreement to avoid double taxation are in place. The Secretary of State also described the role of arbitral tribunals and ordinary courts. As he said, Vietnam, as well as Hungary, is part of the 1958 UN Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards, which ensures cross-border enforcement of arbitration decisions. The Secretary of State informed the participants that a new Hungarian Arbitration Act was adopted in 2017, which places its organizational framework on new foundations. In Hungary, the review of the bilateral contract has been planned for years. Referring to this initiative, Krisztián Kecsmár announced that Vietnam is going to be the first country with whom the Hungarian state will start the negotiations.
Le Tien Chau, Rector of the Hanoi University and Deputy Minister of Justice reflected on the history of Hungarian-Vietnamese diplomatic relations: Progress has been made between the two countries by facilitating high-level delegation exchanges in the past ten years and also by signing fifteen agreements between the two parties. He stated that the Vietnamese Government has put great emphasis on cooperation with Hungary and they intend to invite more Hungarian investors to Vietnam. They beleive that this conference was a great platform for higher education professionals to share their experiences and knowledge in the given areas.
From the University of Szeged Prof. Dr. Attila Badó, professor at the Faculty of Law and Political Sciences has welcomed the participants on behalf of the university’s Rector. The Head of the Institute of Comparetive Law at Szeged said that it was challenging to organize the event given the fact that it required the cooperation of four universities and two ministries but because of the importance of the topics, they wanted to make it happen.
During the conference, the following topics among others were on the agenda: importance of free trade agreements, standards and values; past and present factors affecting the Vietnamese jurisdiction and regulations; the economic strategy of the Vietnamese government; the legal and economic environment of domestic investments; the European common markets and international trade and investment agreements.
The project was funded by PADOP-2.1.2.-CCHOP-15-2016-00001 - priority project titled „ Public Service Development Establishing Good Governance”.
For more details, see the July issue of Bonum Publicum.
The event was opened by Mr. Christopher Brown of United States EUCOM Joint Cyber Center. Mr. Brown thanked the Hungarian Ministry of Defence for its cooperation, and also explained that the focus of this event is on the development and build-up of cyber programs, and last but not least cyber-security threats. It was also a vital event as far as cyber-security trainings were concerned: next to networking, the participants can also get to know the good practices of other nations in this field.
From the Hungarian Ministry of Defence’s side, Colonel Talabos Tibor of the Electronic Information-protection Department greeted the participants. He also stressed the importance of the summit and also making the public aware that there is a cyber-space around them and there are dangerous threats involved in that. Col. Donald Baker, Senior Defense Attaché of the United States Embassy in Budapest expressed his content on seeing both civilian and military experts at the event, since both side are important and he hoped that the cooperation can continues into the future.
Lt Col. Jose Luis Quintero Villarroya from the Coordination Branch of the Spanish Joint Cyber Command continued the presentation talking about the Spanish methods of cyber-security. He told the audience that the cyber-space is a new phenomenon, which has no clear borders yet. Cyber- attacks threaten nations with their incredible speed and unpredictability. Spain is planning and executing various cyber-military actions since 2013 and consider guarding the cyber-space as their main task. Lt Col. Quintero Villarroya finished his speech further reminding everybody about the importance of cooperation in cyber issues.
The program continued with Col. Douglas Huffman, Cyber Operations Advisor to US EUCOM who introduced the Center founded in 2010 and encompassing 133 teams with 6000 staff. Their motto is partnerships and team work, since these never before seen cyber-attacks can only be fend off jointly. Col. Huffman underlined that no nation should face this threat alone.
Lt Col. Michael Fraas, Chief Future Development at the recently founded German Cyber Command continued by introducing the new Command and also remarked that, in a few years, cyber operations are going to be just as integral in any military operation like army or air force assets. The objectives of the newly established Command are still under development, but they will definitely include the defence of Germany from cyber-attacks, innovative IT management, cyber and information security including cryptology, and it also includes HR as a cornerstone of the whole organisation. Lt Col. Fraas netioned that there is a lack of staff in this field the the University of Federal Armed Forces in Munich is supposed to change that. Currently there are 200 students attending it with full-time scholarship for four years. Here they gain the necessary knowledge, so later they can work as experts in this profession. The Command places great emphasis on equal right too, so female officers and mother can participate in the program as well.
Col. Károly Kassai from the Cyber Defence Centre of the Military National Security Service in Hungary concluded the first morning session of the event. He said that the first Cyber Security Strategy of Hungary was created in 2013, revised in 2015 and that they are working on a revision this year too. There is also a ministry program running since 2015 until 2018 that aims at modernising the IT systems including cyber security measures. Experts have to face with the use of false terminology or the complete lack of it, and also the organisation of topical trainings.
During the course of the two-day-long event, experts will be discussing the role of military cyber-security experts, the training of cyber inspectors and how can one build a world class system of security measures.
The event held on 15 June, 2017. generated much public interest and distinguished experts of various security fields shared their knowledge with a packed Zrínyi Hall at the Ludovika Campus. The discussion was moderated by Prof. Dr. Zoltán Szenes form the International Security Studies Department at Faculty of International and European Studies of NUPS, while the guests and the audience was greeted by Dr. Judit Nagy, Vice-Rector for International Affairs on behalf of NUPS.
The Vice-Rector welcomed all the distinguished guests, the ambassadors, experts and all members of the audience. She highlighted that it is an honour for the National University of Public Service to cooperate with so many embassies on such a serious and complex topic.
The Vice-Rector’s opening remarks were followed by the first part of the panel discussion, where military and security experts shared their view on the challenges of hybrid warfare, especially in the context of Ukraine and Russian hybrid warfare tactics. Before the experts’ session however, Chargé d’Affaires of the United States Embassy to Hungary David J. Kostelancik gave a speech on the vitally important situation of Ukraine. Mr. Kostelancik clearly stated how important Ukraine is not only to the United Stated, but also to NATO and all European countries. He explained that this new warfare – hybrid warfare – is conducted by Russia with the aim of damaging Ukraine and its ties to the West. Ukraine is intimidated, violent separatists use arms, energy is used as a weapon against this sovereign state and “a smokescreen of disinformation” is raised by its Eastern neighbour. All these activities blend traditional warfare with new elements in order to achieve Russia’s strategic aims. The Chargé d’Affaires of the United States Embassy urged Russia to honour the Minsk Agreement because the United States stands firm in the support of Ukraine.
The US Chargé d’Affaires was followed by Her Excellency Liubov Nepop, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Ukraine to Hungary. Her Excellency’s speech echoed Mr. Kostelancik earlier remarks and clearly stated the situation in her country. According to her, despite more than ten thousand people lost their lives since the beginning of the war that it is not only contested by military means. Russia uses disinformation, propaganda, cyber-attacks, and energy attacks in order to punish Ukraine for its Trans-Atlantic ties as well as cooperation with Europe. She deemed this action as part of the ancient “Divide and rule “principle and urged Ukraine, Europe, the United States and all its allies to stand united against such a threat.
First of the experts to share his opinion was Colonel Gábor Boldizsár, from the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training. Colonel Boldizsár started his presentation first by defining the term “hybrid warfare”. Then he drew on his extensive field experience in military missions to both Afghanistan and Kosovo. Colonel Boldizsár also set up a theoretical framework in his speech by identifying 4 phases of hybrid warfare. In this concluding thoughts he mentioned that Hungary stands as an ally of Ukraine and Hungarian military scientists help in the development of Ukrainian military higher education.
The second presentation of the session a joint effort by military aviation experts Colonel Dr. Zoltán Krajnc and 1st Lieutenant János Csengeri, both represents the Faculty of Military Science and Officer Training. In their two-part presentation they underlined the role of airpower in hybrid warfare situations. Dr. Krajnc mentioned why airpower is one of the ideal tools of hybrid warfare, since it has “minimal intrusiveness, rapid response, rapid mobility, rapid engagement and improved strategic, operational, and tactical situational awareness“. In the second part of the talk Mr. Csengeri identified 3 aggression categories "nonviolent subversion, covert violent actions, conventional warfare supported by political subversion” and also showed an example of a hybrid conduct of war in Kosovo in 1999, when conventional weapons, terrorism against the population, and irregular forces were used too.
The final expert of the first section was Dr. András Rácz senior lecturer at the Pázmány Péter Catholic University. Dr. Rácz is a renowned expert of the topic as he was the first person in Hungarian to write about hybrid war. Dr. Rácz underlined how much Russia uses and develops its hybrid strategies. That is it part of the official Russian military doctrine to conduct such operations and that is has evolved a lot since 2008 when the Russians first used modern hybrid strategy against Georgia. He also made it clear that the strategy works undeniably well for Russia as it is illustrated by the situation in Ukraine and also in Syrian since the Assad regime is still has not be toppled. “There is no reason to believe that Russia will stop using this method in the foreseeable future” – said András Rácz. In fact, he pointed to other developments of Russian strategy that have been used lately, such as naval and long distance strikes in Syria – the first time their warplanes engaged in action outside of their country of since the Soviet-Afghan war in the 1980’s – and also interfering with election in both the United States and France. Dr. Rácz concluded that Russia is an adversary that is constantly improving its strategy and we must quickly learn how to counter it, which is he believes can be done by more cooperation.
The speeches were followed by a question and answer session where, among others His Excellency Petri Tuomi-Nikula, Ambassador of Finland to Hungary, and Her Excellency Isabelle Poupart, Canadian Ambassador to Ambassador to Hungary, Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina raised issues for discussion.
The second part of the panel discussion continued following a short coffee break and saw speeches from Péter Kaderják, the Director of the Regional Centre for Energy Policy Research at the Corvinus University of Budapest, Dr. Botond Feledy, Director of Saint Ignatius College and Dr. Csaba Krasznay, director of the Cyber-Security Academia at NUPS. Mr. Feledy talked about civilian and military cooperation in cyber-security, and how fake news can be combated. Mr. Kaderják detailed how energy is used as a weapon against Ukraine and how the gas supply systems in Central and Eastern Europe. Last but not least, Mr. Krasznay presented a case study in detail about a Russian cyber-attack on a Ukrainian power plant, where a malware was used as a weapon. In his final remarks he stressed that cyber-security education is the easiest way to counter such threats and that is why NUPS also places great emphasis on cyber-security education as part of the Cyber-Security Academia.
He recalled up on the fact that NUPS did huge steps towards establishing transatlantic cooperation even in 2016. This is one of the reasons why the American Studies Research Centre was established at the Faculty of International and European Studies. NUPS’s delegation visited Indiana University, University of North Georgia (UNG), Marymount University and George Washington University in May.
While visiting the University of North Georgia, The President of UNG Bonita Jacobs and the rector of NUPS András Patyi signed a memorandum of understanding regarding student mobility cooperation both for education and professional practice. As initiated in the cooperation, NUPS already hosts two students from UNG, while a researcher from NUPS is working at the American partners and he is soon followed by two students in August. UNG, as its name suggests is located in the state of Georgia, and has 4 campuses with 18 thousand students state-wide. Just like NUPS, this university was established via the integration of various institutions. It is not entirely a military academy, since they have many BA level programs offered for civilians, and the 800 officer cadets may take part in these too. Officer training places great emphasis on gaining international experience: cadets and students alike have to spend one semester abroad. UNG is one of the six principal officer training schools in the United States, and “the greatest evidence of the education’s quality here is that many generals of the United States Army have graduated from here” – told the Rector. UNG’s programs offered cover a wide range of various fields including military sciences, political science and international relations, and these all offer great cooperation opportunities between the two universities.
Marymount University – which was established in 1950 as an independent Catholic school, and which is located just a few minutes outside of Washington – and NUPS has already signed a five-year-long memorandum of understanding last year. Maymount University offers many undergraduate, graduate and doctoral programs to its students. Their cooperation with NUPS mainly centres on criminalistics, crime investigation and cyber-security but it also strengthens the academic ties of the two countries and provides an opportunity for researchers and lecturers to participate in joint projects. During NUPS’s recent visit, they discussed all these matters and agreed on a one-week-long, intensive criminalistics training held at NUPS in the autumn.
Indiana University – established in 1820 – has 8 campuses in the state of Indiana and has over 140 thousand altogether. There are 50 thousand students studying at the Bloomington Campus alone. Bloomington has an extremely wide international network with more than 300 overseas programs in 50 countries and these allow one in every four students to participate in student mobility initiatives. The delegation discussed the way of possible cooperation in the future, mainly in international studies, public administration and sustainability. These fields all could fit into the activities of the Faculty of International and European Studies and the Faculty of Water Sciences.
The George Washington University – founded in 1820 – is the largest tertiary level institution in the Washington DC area. It has really high quality partnerships in a wide variety of fields and research programs. NUPS’ delegation negotiated focusing mostly on international studies, public administration and political sciences. Prof. Dr. Patyi highlighted that both institutions are open to hosting young researchers as part of the cooperation too.
The rectors also remarked that in 2016 the university’s partner network got expanded. Under the umbrella of the ERASMUS+ program, 12 agreements were signed, and 10 other such cooperation was established in other ways. These also include many institutions outside of Europe, such as the Federal Ministry of Water Resources of Nigeria, the Hungarian-American Fulbright Commission, the Hong Kong Polytechnic University, the Korean National Defence University, the LEPL - Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia, The Russian Presidental Academy of National Economy and Public Administration North-West Institute of Management (RANEPA), the Shanghai International Studies University, and the The University of Defence in Belgrade. Furthermore, the extended the cooperation with the Tom Lantos Institute too. As part of the government’s Makovecz Program, NUPS is working together with three Hungarian schools outside of Hungary too. These are the Babeș-Bolyai University, University of Constantine the Philosopher and the Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania.
In the opening ceremony the participants were greeted by the organisers and the representatives of the four faculties located in Budapest. The Faculty of International and European Studies was introduced by Dr. Mónika Szente-Varga, Vice-Dean for Education. She explained that on this faculty boasting more than 500 students, there are many unique programs, and these will be augmented by programs in human rights and identity policy starting from September 2018. According to Szente-Varga, the six departments and the two research institutes – the Chinese Public Administration, Economy and Society Research Centre and the American Studies Research Centre – all make the faculty really interesting.
Tamás Kowalik, Head of the International Office at the Faculty of Science of Public Governance and Public Administration is proud of the fact that more and more public servants are education at the faculty on a yearly basis, and they perform well even in an international environment. Dr. Zoltán Jobbágy, Vice-Dean for Science and International Affairs at the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training highlighted the opportunities in the field of military and academic success at the faculty. The Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training places great emphasis on international opportunities, and at the moment, one of their lecturers participates in the Fulbright program while two American students are also studying at the Faculty.
Last but not least, Dr. Bence Mészáros, acting Vice-Dean for Science and International Affairs at the Faculty of Law Enforcement greeted the participants in the name of Dr. habil (MG) József Boda, the Dean of the faculty. He explained that the faculty is really unique since, next to its academic role, it also serves as the police academy for the Hungarian police force, thus the student can gain hands on experiences during their studies.
During the course of the Staff Week, the participants take part in lectures and can later try their skills in situational exercises and trainings. The main topics include interview and communication training, first aid and crisis management.
The delegation was led by Dr. Vladimir Mikhailovich Morozov, Vice-Rector for Human Resources, and included Dr. Alexei Dmitriyevich Voskressenski, dean of the School of Political Affairs, professor of Comparative Asian Studies at the School of International Relations, and founding editor-in-chief of “Comparative Politics Russia” as well as Dr. Igor Okunev and Dr. Ekaterina Koldunova, both deputy deans at the School of Political Affairs.
MGIMO is one of the world’s most prestigious higher educational institutions, deservedly called by Henry Kissinger the “Harvard of Russia”. The purpose of the visit was to initiate a new stage in the relationship of the two universities building on the results of a delegation visit led by the Rector of NUPS last year.
The delegation participated in a full-day workshop on 25 May, the morning session being devoted to transregionalism and the afternoon session focusing on new trends in teaching international relations.
During the visit, the parties agreed on the main areas of future cooperation in education, research and publication, and also decided to pursue a number of specific activities to turn cooperation into reality.
Her Excellency Ksenija Škrilec graduated at the Eötvös Loránd University in Hungarian and German philology. After completing the International Relations postgraduate programme, she joined the doctoral school of Andrássy University. She has been working in the Slovenian Embassy of Budapest since 1992 where she first filled the Secretary position, then she was appointed the ambassador’s deputy. During her years of service, she mainly worked in the field of economic policy and bilateral relations. Beside Hungarian and Slovenian, Her Excellency is fluent in German, English, Serbian-Croatian and Spanish languages.
The ambassador has been fulfilling her position in Hungary since 2013, which will come to its end soon. In her speech, she presented the numerous successes and cooperation possibilities highlighting the good, friendly relation between Hungary and Slovenia. The title of her presentation comes from Slovenia’s most famous poet, France Prešeren. Ms. Škrilec believes in the importance of the exemplary friendship between Hungary and Slovenia because the two countries are not only neighbours but they are good friends of each other, and they have a harmonious and smooth diplomatic relation. She added that one of her aims in Budapest was to bring Slovenian and Hungarian citizens closer in various aspect and levels, which she succeeded to achieve: an active political dialogue has commenced between the two countries, universities and secondary schools started to cooperate and the protection of minorities also received attention from the two parties in the past few years. The ambassador thinks that the minorities are key elements in linking the two countries, thus the Slovenian and Hungarian minority groups have the same rights as their inland fellows. The gender equality is also considered essential. For instance, the number of women working in the Slovakian Parliament is high, which is a good rate among the European states.
Slovenia has a very diverse geographic structure with its beautiful landscapes, sea, ports, huge forests which tempt many tourists; therefore the country puts great emphasis on the development of tourism and country image. People are protecting the nature and the environment including forests, big bear populations and bees. One of the ambassador’s project was a program called “Breakfast with Honey” which was launched in Slovenian and Hungarian elementary schools where children could learn about bees and honey while having breakfast together.
The guests of the roundtable discussion were Dr. János Bóka, Dr. István Szent-Iványi who was the Hungarian Ambassador to Slovenia between 2010 and 2016 and Zoltán Egeresi, from NUPS’ Centre for Strategic Defence Studies. Dr. Szent-Iványi said that few years ago the foreign policy of the two countries were different from what we have today: in the past it was a simple good neighbour relationship while today this relation has evolved into a serious strategic partnership where the parties mutually respect and acknowledge each other. According to the former ambassador, this relationship is one of the most well-functioning diplomatic relation among Hungary’s relations.
Zoltán Egeresi highlighted the importance and positive role of Slovenia within the Western Balkans states. The ambassador considers good communication and the gestures to each other as the basis of all strategic relationships. She closed the session by adding that Slovenia, together with the Western Balkans states is currently working on its role fulfilled in Central Europe.
The Ambassadors’ Forum at Ludovika event series will return in September 2017 when the first guest will be Turkey.
Prof. Dr. András Nemeslaki, head of the Institute of E-Government at the Faculty of Political Sciences and Public Administration opened the two-day-long conference, and greeted the participants. He explained that among others the conference covers such interesting topics such as social media, and the effect, ICT’s role in knowledge development, and digital solutions in public service.
Prof. Dr. András Patyi, rector of NUPS, talked about how important communication and IT technologies are nowadays, and that they help the spread of democracy too. The rector underlined that NUPS is a “university of cooperation” with more than one hundred international partners worldwide.
The following presenter, Wolfgang Ernst, rector of the University of Public Administration and Finance, presented his institution while also explaining that in their part-time and fulltime programs they place great emphasis on practical education and continuous development. Familiarizing students with digital services and the latest technology is a key part of this process.
As a representative of Andrássy Universität Budapest, Prof. Dr. Hendrik Hansen greeted the participants next. He explained that Andrássy Universität serves as a bridge between Hungary and other higher education institutions in Eastern and Southeast Europe where German is the language of education. Dr. Hansen emphasised that one of the aims of the event is to showcase and discuss the widespread use of digital technologies, to learn and evolve together.
Keynote speeches were held by Wolfgang Gerstl from Austria and Dusan Stojanovic from Serbia. Mr. Gerstl, who is responsible for scientific affairs in the Austrian Parliament (der Nationalrat) stressed the danger of fake news, which is considered a by-product of the “new media”. In the Austrian Parliament they consider it really important to use digital publications, and they made an online platform on the website of the Nationalrat, that is accessible to anybody, and now they are working on the introduction of a digital ID.
He told the audience that the biggest problem with such electronic platforms is, that probably it is going to be used by people already devoted to innovation. They would like to persuade more people to use these services, and even though it is a slow process, the steps are right. Modern information technology is an opportunity and jeopardy at the same time, and we have to take responsibility to ensure that this tool is used for the sake of democracy.
Dusan Stojanovic, director of E-Governance at the Minister of Public Administration and Local Self-Government in Serbia talked about the state of electronic services in his country. His country is rather high up on a recent EU survey’s list as far as e-service usage is concerned, but there are still many things to do. Only 15% of Serbia’s population uses such services. Their most successful introduction so far has been the online application for kindergarten registration, which has surpassed the traditional application method. Stojanovic think that in the future traditional and electronic methods will be used simultaneously. The greatest requirements are speed, good communication and being up-to-date.
During the two-day-long event experts of the field are discussing current issues. The subjects covered include data protection, and e-democracy’s legal, social and economic aspect.
The conference was opened by Dr. (Pol. Col.) Judit Nagy, Vice-Rector for International Affairs, and she explained in her opening remarks how the National University of Public Service is an unwavering supporter of development, and studies in the field of Good Governance are vital for that. It is important that the representatives of various countries can discuss the various viewpoints, and share experiences as well as best practices in this field.
The morning session of the event started with Zsuzsanna Lonti’s, (Head of Unit- Statistics & Indicators. Directorate for Public Governance and Territorial Development at the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)) keynote speech titled Measuring Governance in OECD. OECD’s report - Objectives of Government at a Glance – is going to be published in July 2017, and it covers data concerning the workings of OECD member state and partner governments. Why is this publication important? Since one can learn many things from other nation’s good practices and experiences. During its research, OECD focuses on the processes of the governments, this serves as a “black box”, and the detail is in this. The organisation focuses on the detail, on the capacity to operate while it uses its own tools to conduct studies. The study was first published in 2009, and has undergone great changes since that. In its current, fifth issue the focus is on good governance, the open government, public employment and innovation in the public sector. It was the first time, that Zsuzsanna Lonti talked about this research to the public.
In the following speech, Vladimir Tokarev professor at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) presented the findings of himself and two of his colleagues under the title: The system for efficiency evaluation of managing the socio-economic development of the region by the executive authorities of Saint-Petersburg. The research studied the workings of the executive branch at Saint-Petersburg using serious equations. One of the most important findings of the study is that the services in Saint-Petersburg are the second most efficient in the country, and that the Russian population evaluates the work of Vladimir Putin at 4.19 on a 1-to-5 scale. According to them, the Russian government is 79% efficient.
The afternoon session of the conference continued with presentations from Sir John Elvidge, former Permanent Secretary of the Scottish Government; Dr. Alexander Prosser, University of Economics and Business in Vienna; and Dr. Csáth Magdolna, research professor at NUPS. The afternoon session was divided into two sections and covered topics such as sustainability, economic competitiveness, government participation, and efficient public service.
The publications of the conference are available online here:
Good State and Governance Report 2016:
Measurability of Good State II:
After completing his university studies, Gordan Grlić Radman first worked in Switzerland and later at the Unversity of Zagreb. After Zagreb, he worked again to Switzerland where in 1992 he began the establishment of the Croatian Consulate Network (in Bern, Genova and Zurich) at the request of the newly formed Croatian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Thereafter, he continued his career in Sofia at the Croatian Embassy there and, since 2012, he is the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Croatia to Hungary.
The ambassador accentuated in his speech the importance of Hungarian-Croatian relations and added that the two countries helped each other even before 1992. He emphasised, that before joining the EU, the country had to face serious difficulties. When they became part of the EU in 2013, they sought to transfer their experiences to the ex-Yugoslavian member states, especially to Montenegro and Serbia. H.E. believes that the policy of a “good neighbour” is a key concept, because the abovementionned countries and Hungary have to face similar economical and various other challenges like Croatia does, thus they can support each other. An example of this cooperation was the migration crisis two years ago which, due to the complexity of the EU, generated different reactions among the population.
He highlighted the importance of the Hungarian-Croatian border opening which further strengthens the relation between the two countries with focus on tourism and culture as well. At the same time, he added that they will take major actions to significantly reduce waiting time at border crossings.
The facilitator of the roundtable discussion was Dr. János Bóka, Vice-Dean for Education at the Faculty of International and European Studies. The guests of the roundtable discussion were Dr. Edit Bencze, lecturer of the Kodolányi János College, whose main research area is the integration processes in the Western Balkans with special focus on the Croatian accession and Dr. János Hóvári, lecturer at NUPS, former ambassador to several countries and security policy expert. Dr. Bóka asked the guests to share their views on the accession of the Western-Balkans to the EU. Dr. Hóvári explained that we need to be open for new members and that upon their membership, a new union would emerge. He fully agrees with the idea of helping our neighbours. The experts discussed whether the migration crisis can destabilize the region and become a serious security threat to the surrounding countries in the area. However, according to the ex-ambassador the excellent Croatian border control system handled the challenge appropriately, and since the crisis is more serious in Greece, Greeks should take the Croatian system as an example to follow. He believes that the biggest problem of the EU is the lack of vision, which could be solved by working with a new management and by reconsidering existing issues.
The academic year’s last session of the Ambassador’s Forum at Ludovika is going to be held on 10 May, where the participants can meet H.E. Ksenija Škrilec, ambassador of Slovenia to Hungary.
At the beginning of the meeting the vice-rector presented NUPS, its faculties, institutions and research centres of the University. Ms. Nagy illustrated the workings of NUPS with a metaphor saying that it is like an umbrella since the institution also has interdisciplinary doctoral schools, joint degree programme with CEPOL and it is also defined as the university of cooperation.
Mr. Monar was greatly impressed by NUPS’ work and highlighted that it comes off as a fast developing and prestigious university. Following this he presented his own institution as well. The College of Europe, which was founded in 1948, was at the time the world’s first university institute of postgraduate studies and training in European affairs, and remains unique and innovative to this day. Ever since its foundation the institution had the mission to make highly motivated postgraduate students understand the political, legal, economic and international core issues, challenges and potentials of this unique process. It also welcomes students coming outside of the European community and works so that all of its students can have a better understanding how Europe works.
A great conversation developed about the Faculty of International and European Studies concerning its students, the entry requirements and the career path that graduating students may take. Mr. Takács highlighted that the Government has special need for those specialists who are well prepared in the field of European studies and participate in international researches related to this field.
This is why Hungary supports those highly qualified students, experts and lecturers who would like to study or work at the College of Europe. As Mr. Monar mentioned, the College changes half of the visiting lecturers every semester and thus students can hear different perspectives about EU issues. This is vital since those young leaders who graduate from CoE later on will have to work together and better understand each other. Mr. Takács agreed with the above mentioned completely and further explained that it is important to involve more and more students in this programme.
Currently there are two students from NUPS attending the College of Europe in Brugge and in Natolin as well. For future cooperation between the two institutions it is important to motivate students and lecturers to apply for this outstanding opportunity to broaden their knowledge.
Dr. Lionel Beehner, Director of Research at the Modern War Institute, Captain Jake Miraldi, Strategic Project Manager and Lt. Colonel Csaba Bakos, Fulbright Scholar met with Dr. Judit Nagy, Vice-rector for International Affairs, Dr. Boglárka Koller, Dean at the Faculty of International and European Studies and Dr. János Bóka, Vice-dean for International Affairs at the same faculty and Colonel Dr. Zoltán Jobbágy, Vice-dean for International Affairs at the Faculty of Military Science and Officer Training.
At the meeting various important issues were discussed and possible ways of future cooperation between the institutions were highlighted. These cooperation include student and staff mobility, joint research activities in the field of military science and participation in conferences such as the Student Conference on US Affairs (SCUSA) held every autumn at West Point.
The discussion concluded with very positive results and the participants expressed their mutual satisfaction about the future possibilities of cooperation.
Vice-Rector for International Affairs, Dr. Judit Nagy highlighted during the reception ceremony: the international week gives an opportunity for the lecturers and students of our University to learn about the characteristics of other countries and cultures and to see the current issues of public service from a different angle, and gain experience in security policy, economics and law on an international level. The event also provides a great opportunity to network and to establish new partnerships and joint research.
The guest lecturers, among others, presented about the European integration of Poland; the career options in the German public service area; the rules of relocating headquarters of economic companies within the EU; the Russian regulation of international finances; the characteristics of international human trafficking networks; the challenges of international security policy and the NATO; the French administrative courts and the characteristics of the Czech public service system.
In addition to the scheduled presentations, the participants organized a workshop where the international and Hungarian lecturers discussed the future of European integration and the upcoming challenges related to integration. The facilitators of the discussion were Dr. János Bóka, Vice-Dean for Education at the Faculty of International and European Studies and Mantas Bileišis from the Mykolas Romeris University, Vilnius.
The first international education week was a success and it significantly expanded the partnership and collaboration opportunities of NUPS. The University wishes to continue this initiative in the future as well.
Since 2013, the National University of Public Service organizes a joint public service exercise on a yearly basis to allow students to practice different emergency situations and leadership skills during these events. In the past years, participants were simulating situations such as flood, unexpected armed attacks, and natural disasters caused by ice storms. This year the Exercise was to manage on three locations (campuses on the Hungaria körút and at Ludovika; Csobánka Exercise- and Training Base) an emergency situation caused by mass migration. According to the Vice-Rector for Education, Dr. Gábor Kovács all service branches were represented this year including police, defence forces and public administration. He added that in addition to the lecturers and students of NUPS, numerous Hungarian and international partner institutes participated in organization of “Rover 2017”. The manager of the Exercise added that this event was more than a simple class since almost one thousand NUPS students participated in this two-day-long Exercise and cooperated in several tasks.
The majority of the students (300 participants) came from the Faculty of Law Enforcement. “This Exercise gave a good opportunity for Law Enforcement students to acquire management skills.” - accentuated Dr. János Varga.
“Among the participants, there were 77 defence force cadets, 33 Master level students and 28 lecturers from the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training.” - said Lt. Col. Tibor Horváth during the press conference. He added that their students actively participated in several elements of the Exercise including peacekeeping activities at the Csobánka Exercise- and Training Base.
Students from the Institute of Disaster Management practiced civil defence tasks during these two days. The 150 students and 18 lecturers simulated the preparation of migrant reception places, the organization of medical tasks and logistics.
During “Rover 2017” civilans also played an active role. The 64 participants from the Faculty of International and European Studies were working on the preparation of strategic decisions. They executed certain diplomatic tasks and they were also involved in negotiations and reporting. “It is key that our students learn how to communicate with each other, represent a position during negotiations, draft reports and manage press affairs.” - said Viktor Marsai. During the two days event, the 250 students from the Faculty of Political Sciences and Public Administration represented the civil sector in almost sixty areas. - said Dr. Lajos Hülvely.
Some elements of NUPS’ Joint Public Service Exercise are ensured by the KÖFOP 2.1.2 “Public Service Development Establishing Good Governance" project.