The delegation visited NUPS as part of their 3-day-long Hungarian visit. It was headed by Lieutenant General Wang Jianwei, political commissar at NUDT; and also included Senior Colonel Xia Zhihe, political commissar of the College of Computer at NUDT; Senior Colonel Chen Xiaoqian, dean of the College of Aerospace Science and Engineering; senior colonel Cai Weibin, political commissar of the College of Humanities and Social Science; senior colonel Li Geng, director of the Foreign Affairs Office; Mr. Dr. Shi Haiming university professor of the College of Humanities and Social Science; senior colonel Zhang Dengwan, Military Attaché of the People’s Republic of China to Hungary; colonel Gao Riyu Deputy Military Attaché of the People’s Republic of China to Hungary; and major Shi Zhenmin, secretary of the Military Attaché of the People’s Republic of China to Hungary.
At the Ludovika Campus, the guests were met by Dr. (Pol.Brig.Gen) Gábor Kovács, Vice-Rector for Education; Dr. Sándor P. Szabó, Director of Chinese Public Administration, Economy and Society Research Centre; and Ms. Erzsébet Veres, Head of International Relations Office.
Due to the busy schedule the parties had a relatively brief time to discuss cooperation. In the beginning of the meeting Dr. Kovács welcomed the guests and showed the working of NUPS to them in details in an informative presentation. Special interest was placed on the Joint Public Service Exercise that NUPS has been conducting very successfully for years now, and which can serve as an idea for the Chinese experts who wish to reorganise their public service higher education.
Lt. Gen. Wang Jianwei expressed his appreciation to NUPS for welcoming the delegation. He told that the People's Liberation Army National University of Defense Science and Technology is a really prestigious institution in China. It is under direct control of the Central Defence Committee and its role is to train highly educated defence professionals as well as develop cutting edge military technology. The institution has more than 13 thousand students of which more than 5000 are MA or PhD level. The Chinese delegation was naturally also very interested in the work of the Chinese Public Administration, Economy and Society Research Centre of the Faculty of International and European Studies. Dr. Sándor P. Szabó explained the complex work of the centre, while highlighting that more than 100 students learn Mandarin Chinese and many more take part in Chinese cultural and political courses annually. The meeting was concluded in a positive atmosphere where both parties expressed the desire to follow up on this event and cooperate in the future.
The Korean delegation was headed by Dr. (Mr). Yoon-soo JUNG, President of KIPA, Dr. (Mr). Jong Hun CHAE, Director of the Department of Public Safety and Social Cohesion Research, Dr.(Ms). Eunju KIM, Associate Research Fellow at the Center for International Public Cooperation and Ms. Danbee LEE, Researcher at the Center for International Public Cooperation.
The Korea Institute of Public Administration (KIPA) is a government-sponsored research institute in South Korea, established in October 1991. It work in close cooperation with the prevailing Korean government and President analysing methods, conducting research on good governance and various other tasks. KIPA was founded as a national research institute with the aim of advancing Korea's administrative capability through research on ways of improving the country's administrative systems and their operation, systemic collection and management of diverse information on public service. It also has respectable international presence with Memorandum of Understanding signed with 21 countries around the world.
KIPA's delegation visited NUPS to follow up on the MoU signed between the two institutions in 2014. The delegation was welcomed by Dr. (Pol.Col) Judit Nagy, Vice-Rector for International Affairs at NUPS, and Prof. Dr. András Patyi, Rector of NUPS introduced the guests into the working of the university. The Hungarian side of the discussion also involved experts in many fields where KIPA is also active. Dr. (Pol.Brig.Gen) Gábor Kovács, Vice-Rector for Education, Dr. Zsuzsanna Peres, Vice-Dean for Science and International Affairs at the Faculty of Science of Public Governance and Administration, Dr. Ágoston Restás, Head of Department at the Institute for Disaster Management, Dr. Sándor P. Szabó, Director of Chinese Public Administration, Economy and Society Research Centre, Dr. János Bóka, Vice-Dean for Education at the Faculty of International and European Studies, and Ms. Erzsébet Veres, Head of International Relations Office were all present to discuss further fields of cooperation.
During the visit, the parties agreed on the main areas of future cooperation in education, research and publication, and also decided to pursue a number of specific activities all in accordance with strengthening and expanding the MoU signed in 2014. The delegation from KIPA was especially interested in E-Governance research conducted at NUPS and expressed their intentions to participate in the annual E-Governance conference held at the Ludovika Campus.
Other participants of the event were Prof. Dr. András Patyi, Rector; Prof. Dr. József Padányi, Eng. Major General, Vice-Rector for Science; Dr. Gábor Kovács, Pol. Brigadier General, Vice-Rector for Education; Dr. Judit Nagy, Pol.Col., Vice-Rector for International Affairs and Prof. Dr. Norbert Kis, Dean of Faculty of Science of Public Governance and Public Administration. After the strategic meeting in the morning with the leadership of the university, Bonita Jacobs had a tour around the Ludovika Campus where she visited the newly-built educational units and the Ludovika Main building. Later, she negotiated with the management of the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training regarding the extension of the agreement.
The relation between the two institutes has begun in October 2015 when the representatives of UNG first visited our university. At that time they initiated the signing of a bilateral partnership agreement in respect of civilian student and officer cadet exchanges and internship programmes. Subsequently, during another visit in autumn 2016 in Hungary, the American and Hungarian parties agreed on new possibilities for cooperating in cybersecurity and defense. The continuous implementation of this cooperation was also supported by the Fulbright scolarship program earned by Csaba Bakos Lieutenant Colonel, instructor at the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training. Within the framework of this programme, he is performing research and educational activities at the American partner institute until July 2017. As part of the agreement, both institutes encourage its students to participate in summer universities and internship possibilities. They provide research, educationl, student mobility opportunities for each other. In May 2017 two American cadets have arrived to the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training for a two months period. They shared their personal experiences with the Management during a lunch together. To maintain reciprocity, two students from NUPS will travel to UNG and they will spend five weeks there. Also, in September 2017 another student from UNG will arrive who is going to spend a nine-week-long internship at the International Relations Office.
The UNG was founded in January 2013. However taking its predecessors into account, it is a higher education institution with a history dating back to 1873. It is one of the 6 federally designated senior military colleges in the USA. Similarly to NUPS, UNG was also established after the merger of five independent, separate institutes. UNG includes civilian (approx. 80%, 1100 persons) and officer cadets as well (approx. 750 persons in the brigade). It offers a broad range of academic programs with more than 50 undergraduate areas (such as International Affairs, Political Sciene, Marketing, Communication) and around 15 Master programs including Master of Science with a major in Criminal Justice, Master of Public Administration. The cadets are eligible for the undergraduate programs therefore all students graduating in the military studies will have one or two other civilian degree certificate(s), which enhance(s) their competitiveness in the labor market. Several generals of the US Army graduated from the institution. The planning of Degrees and Programs is characterized by comprehensive approach from two aspects: On one hand, the institute offers a parallel educational program both in military and civilian area. Besides that, students need to spend at least a half year in any of the foreign partner institutions. The university is also exemplary in terms of training plans as well as for the coexistence of civilian and professional values and culture.
The Rector of the National University of Public Service has recently announced a tender for its professors and researchers entitled as „Good Governance Knowledge Transfer Program NUPS – USA” The aim of the application is to promote the research and training experience of selected researchers within an American partner university of NUPS durnig the 2017/2018 academic year and to use this experience to further enhance the training and public service programs at NUPS. The winners can spend four to six months in one of the partner institutes of NUPS in the USA, such as the University of North Georgia.
The head of the delegation Dr. Tayeb Kamali, the Director-General for Education at the Training Development Unit of the United Arab Emirates said that in searching for the police training of the 21st century they have paid a visit in several police academies in the world for evolving contacts.
During the programme the delegation got acquainted with the training structure of the Faculty of Law Enforcement and the heads of institutes of the Faculty gave a detailed introduction on the units led by them.
A delegation from the RANEPA (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration) from Saint Petersburg visited NUPS to conduct meetings with leaders and professors of the university during their 3-day-long programme. Members of the delegation met with Prof. Dr. Norbert Kis, Vice-Rector for Continuing Education and International Affairs of NUPS, with Dr. Zsuzsanna Peres, Vice-Dean for Science and International Affairs at the Faculty of Political Sciences and Public Administration as well as Prof. Dr. Iván Halász and Prof. Dr. István Tózsa heads of institute.
The Russian Academy was represented by Sergey Tsypliaev, Dean of the Law Faculty, Evgenia Chernyavskaya, Deputy Head of the Department of International Relations, Alexey Balashov, Head of the educational profile “Public administration”, as well as Anna Smirnova and Jaroslav Antonov associate professors.
The comprehensive programme started on Tuesday with a workshop during which the participants discussed the constitutional questions of Central Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). The afternoon meetings focused on future research cooperation and resulted in specific aims both parties agreed to. One of the cornerstones of the joint research cooperation is the Good State and Governance Report prepared by NUPS and presented to the guests by Vice-Rector Norbert Kis. The research methodology of the report could serve as the base of a joint research platform. According to the plans, a research group is to be established based on the work NUPS has done in this segment. A further aim is to conduct research on public efficiency at regional and local levels, an area that is new to both institutions, thus the development of joint research results is intended. In addition to the establishment of a joint research group, person-to-person research projects are also encouraged by the parties. Furthermore, RANEPA was also invited to participate at the Good State and Governance Report conference to be held in spring 2017 in the organisation of NUPS. During the next two years the PADOP project provides the adequate funding for joint research projects, however the aim is to develop joint projects for a long-term cooperation.
Cooperation in the field of education was the main topic of discussion during the second day of the meetings. Establishing a double degree programme is the common interest of both institutions, in which the Public Administration MA and the MA in International Public Service Relations degree programmes of NUPS and the respective programmes of RANEPA, among other their programme in Global Politics, can serve as the basis of cooperation. As the establishment of a dual degree programme is a time-consuming process, student and staff exchange programmes will be the start of cooperation. Within the framework of the Erasmus+ programme mobility programmes can start from the next academic year that can also contribute to the exchange of lecturers and researchers, thus facilitating research cooperation.
Prof. Dr. Norbert Kis highlighted the fact that cooperation with Russian institutions is a top priority for NUPS, both in the field of education and research. Importance of Russian relations is reflected in the intention of NUPS to establish an institute dealing with Eurasia by spring 2017 at the Faculty of International and European Studies.
A delegation from the RANEPA University of Saint Petersburg has arrived to NUPS to conduct meetings with the leaders and professors of NUPS during their 3-day-long programme.
On the 6th of December, Prof. Dr. Norbert Kis, Vice-Rector for Continuing Education and International Affairs greeted the delegation and opened the first workshop in the topic: “The constitutional trends in Central Europe and in the Commonwealth of Independent States”.
The series of meetings will continue with discussions about possible fields of research cooperation and joint educational projects.
A high-ranking Sudanese delegation led by Gen Yahia Mohammed Khair (Deputy Chief of Defence, North Sudan) visited the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training to get a comprehensive overview on military education and training system. H. E. Adil Bashir Hassan the Sudanese Ambassador to Hungary also participated the one-day programme.
Col. Boldizsár Gábor PhD, dean of the Faculty briefed the guests in NUPS related issues focusing on military education and training. He emphasized the renewed efforts to build a prestigious state university. He underlined the commitment of NUPS in the international sphere in offering programmes and courses to international students. He also talked about the newly adopted PhD system extending the duration of PhD programmes from 6 to 8 semesters.
Col. Peter Balogh gave a short overlook on the Senior Military Officer education as the highest level national military training in Hungary. The delegation was interested in how North Sudan could join Faculty’s education and training events with a special emphasis on the recently accredited Senior Military Leader postgraduate programme (formerly known as General Staff Training Course). H.E. Adil Bashir Hassan expressed his wish to meet Prof. Dr. András Patyi the rector of NUPS to discuss the possibilities of extending bilateral cooperation by signing a memorandum of understanding in the near future.
While in Hungary, the delegation also visited Hungarian Defence Forces’ compounds to get to know of Hungarian industry developments such as UAV (Un-manned Aerial Vehicle), Water Purification, Bio Labor, Ground Moving Target Spotting Radar etc.
The Chinese guests received a briefing on the profile and tasks of the Centre for Strategic and Defence Studies, the security related researches at NUPS, followed by an informal discussion on contemporary international security issues. While the hosts outlined the main security issues and correlations concerning Europe, the Chinese delegation reviewed the security situation in Southeast Asia. The guests were particularly interested in the security challenges and risks regarding NATO and Europe, specifically the relationship between NATO and Russia and the migration crisis.
Rear Admiral Li informed the Hungarian participants on the security developments concerning the South China Sea and the Chinese position in this issue. The Rear Admiral specifically mentioned the Chinese military reform initiated last year, the first phase of which (namely, the transformation of high level leadership and control) is already concluded. This year marks the beginning of the troop structure’s reform, which will be followed by the review of the support systems in 2017. Regarding the transformation of the military higher education system, the Chinese leadership would also welcome the Hungarian experiences.
The delegation represented various Chinese institutions, including the Second Military Medical University, the Military Economics Academy, the Bureau of Secrecy and Archives and the Office for International Military Cooperation (within the Central Military Commission), the National Defence University, the Air Force Engineering University.
The delegation was welcomed by Prof. Dr. József Padányi, Vice-Rector for Research at NUPS, Prof. Dr. Sándor P. Szabó, Director of the Research Centre for Chinese Public Administration, Society and Economics, as well as by representatives from the Centre for Strategic and Defence Studies, the Faculty of Military Sciences, the Faculty of International and European Studies, and the Faculty of Political Sciences and Public Administration.
The purpose of the delegation’s visit to Hungary, organized by the Ministry of Defence, was to become acquainted with the institutions involved in the training and education of members and staff within the Hungarian Armed Forces, and to finds areas for possible cooperation in this regard. Colonel Zhu Mingzhe reminded that the two countries have established diplomatic relations for 67 years and their relationship has passed several tests. Regarding the cooperation in training, he also pointed out that the Chinese People’s Liberation Army currently has 32 units where international personnel can be trained, and that there are nearly 3000 international personnel trained annually through these units.
After having reviewed NUPS and its relevant bodies, and having become more acquainted with the Chinese delegation’s position, Prof. Dr. József Padányi indicated that there are several possible areas for cooperation, for which the institutional frameworks are provided, as NUPS has already signed a MoU with the National Defence University. Nevertheless, he emphasized that nothing can substitute inter-personal relations, thus the mutual visit of students and lecturers should be promoted. He reminded that the doors of NUPS remain open in this regard, while Colonel Zhu Mingzhe also indicated their openness for cooperation with the Hungarian side.
The delegation was welcomed by Prof. Dr. Norbert Kis, Vice-Rector for Continuing Education and International Affairs who provided a thorough review of the National University of Public Service, including its historical background and predecessors. The Vice-Rector highlighted the integrated concept of public service with the university’s efforts aimed at its students learning cooperation and cross-cutting experience. In addition to its public service training activity, Professor Kis also reviewed the faculties and institutes of NUPS which were discussed in detail by the respective representatives of these units.
Dr. (Col.) Gábor Boldizsár, Dean of the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training introduced the structure and tasks of the Faculty and provided an overview of its multicycle training system. He drew specific attention to the common module consisting of 14 components and a common joint exercise for university students.
Colonel Péter Balogh, Commanding Officer of the General Staff Course reminded the audience of the Staff Course’s historical background and its initiation in 1993. In addition to reviewing its operation, Colonel Balogh also pointed out that the 11 month long course welcomes international military officers includes international study tours and is concluded by a degree thesis.
Dr. (Col.) Judit Nagy, Vice-Dean for Academic and International Affairs at the Faculty of Law Enforcement also provided a thorough review of the Faculty including its history (dating back to the police College in 1971) and structure. Vice-Dean Nagy reviewed the Faculty’s training programmes, as well as new trends in training, including the planned launch of the private detective training.
Dr. Zsuzsanna Peres, Vice-Dean for Academic and International Affairs at the Faculty of Political Sciences and Public Administration also highlighted the history and milestones of the Faculty, as well as its academic units and campus facilities. Vice-Dean Peres overviewed the academic programmes at the Faculty, along with the opportunities for international mobility.
The Faculty of International and European Studies was introduced by Prof. Dr. Gen. (Ret.) Zoltán Szenes who first outlined the mission and the overall characteristics of the Faculty. Furthermore, Professor Szenes reviewed the faculty organization, as well as the available Hungarian and English language degree programmes.
Finally, the international guests were also briefed about the Centre for Strategic and Defence Studies, introduced by Mr. Tamás Csiki, research fellow of the Centre. In addition to reviewing the three main branches of the Centre’s activities (policy-advising, in-depth research and policy-advocacy via media), Mr. Csiki also highlighted its main areas of expertise ranging from Hungarian security and defence policy to Central European security and cooperation, to European and Transatlantic security, to the Middle East and North Africa, South and Southeast Asia, and to non-proliferation and arms control.
The University situated in the United States of America offers training programmes in various fields, including military sciences, political sciences and international relations providing opportunity to establish a far-reaching cooperation. The institution was represented by Lt.Col. Anthony E. Fritchle, associate director of the Center for Global Engagement and Dr. Bryson Payne, director of the Center for Cyber Operations Education.
Based on the successful meetings, a memorandum of understanding is to be signed in the near future including exchange programmes of cadets, civilian students and faculty as well. Furthermore a mutual exchange of trainees has also arisen as a point of interest. During the negotiations cyber security and cyber defence became a strategic point of future relations. The possibility of UNG’s participation with a cyber simulation scenario at a related course - organised by NUPS in the framework of the European Security and Defence College (ESDC) - has also emerged.
The representatives of UNG expressed a considerable interest in a formal cooperation between the two institutions as NUPS made a good impression with its infrastructure and training programmes.
The program included negotiations with Dr. Norbert Kis, Vice-Rector of Continuing Education and International Affairs, and presentations on the Hungarian public service, training and executive training programmes offered by NUPS and main research activities of the university. Members of the delegation also visited the Prime Minister’s Office where they learnt more about the One-Stop-Shop Government Window project and its results. On the occasion of their visit, the head of the agency proposed several areas of cooperation, such as the organization of trainings for HR management of Ukrainian government, establishment of joint pilot project on involvement of youth on civil service or the development of a complex and efficient HR management system.
The National Agency of Ukraine on Civil Service is a central executive body, its activities are coordinated by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. The Agency provides development and implementation of national policy in civil service, along with functional management of civil service.
The event has been supported by the European Union, co-financed by the European Social Fund, in the "KÖFOP-2.1.2-VEKOP-15-2016-00001 - Public Service Development Establishing Good Governance" tender.
New cooperation agreements have been signed with two Ethiopian universities. On the Hungarian side they have been authorized by dr. Norbert Kis, Vice-Rector for Continuing Education and International Affairs, while his partners on the Ethiopian part were prof. Fikadu Beyene, President of the Ethiopian Civil Service University, and dr. Goitom Tegeng, Director General, Head of International Relations at the Mekelle University.
Primarily the agreements concentrate on the organization of joint research programmes, conferences and forums, but they leave space for the establishment of common courses as well. The agreement signed with the Ethiopian Civil Service University extends the Erasmus+ programme whilst the document shared with the Mekelle University puts a 5-yr cooperation programme into action detailing joint scientific and educational activities related to the fields of public administration, public employee training, research and publication.
The said documents are parts of NUPS’ internationalization project allowing students from abroad to attend classes in the framework of the Stipendium Hungaricum and Erasmus+ mobility programmes. Dr. Kis said “NUPS is first and foremost committed to cooperation seeing that problems which affect everyone can be solved a lot easier in case we join forces.”
Márk Horváth, present at the event on behalf of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade declared that the documents signed will play an integral part of our future as Africa is a rapidly developing continent and is renowned for its excellent diplomacy. The education-oriented contracts will hopefully be followed by economic agreements in the upcoming years.
Solomon Fishia, head of the Ethiopian delegation welcomed the visit in general given that the Ethiopian government is currently implementing a reform involving the public sector regarding which the Hungarian trip has provided a number of lessons. Fikadu Beyene, President of the Ethiopian Civil Service University expressed his hope of exploring the national cultures as well as the world through the cooperation. “Our work together will turn mirrors into windows” – summed up the director the prospects in a metaphor. Dr. Goitom Tegeng, Director of the Mekelle University agreed to his colleagues and added: education is the key to our future.
Offering state- and regional level training for public servants, the Ethiopian Civil Service University was founded in 1995 and is located in Addis-Ababa. As part of the ECSU Vision programme it aims to become the leading university of Africa by 2025, creating transparency in the public administration.
Mekelle University lies about 800 kilometres far from the Ethiopian capital and has come to life with the merger of two other institutions of higher education: Mekelle Business College and Mekelle University College in May 2000. The university currently operates with seven faculties and eight institutions, offering 90 bachelor and 70 graduate level programmes. Mekelle University has approximately 31,000 students, roughly equalling 10% of Mekelle’s population.
Text: Dorottya Petery
Photos: Denes Szilagyi
“Today’s meeting is a milestone in the history of the Ethiopian-Hungarian relations” – said dr. Norbert Kis, Vice-Rector for Continuing Education and International Affairs on a reception called together to greet a fourteen-person African delegation consisting of Ethiopian officials. In addition to the exchange of thoughts, the purpose of the Ethiopian visit is to create a basis for further cooperation, including mutual aid with the Mekelle University. The delegation stays in our country till 3 July and shall participate in several conferences.
On the first programme of the week, Zita Szatmári Vágó representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade told the audience that the African visit is not only important for the National University of Public Service, but for the whole nation as it aligns with the government strategy of “Opening to the South”. Having recognized the potential of the black continent, it is in our best interest to expand the coalition network regarding diplomacy and education to the countries of the Sub-Saharan Africa – added the expert – especially since civil diplomacy is gaining a bigger and bigger role in our times.
Dr. Viktor Marsai, assistant professor at the Department of International Security Studies provided a brief history of the Hungarian-African relations and explained that due to political reasons the links between have lost their power after the Second World War. While Hungary was focusing on joining the European Union and the NATO as fast as possible, its connections to the southern continent have loosened. However, since the 2010s the focus has shifted again which is well reflected by a number of events, such as the African Forum organized in Budapest in 2013 and 2015. The opening policy of today’s government is also apparent by looking at the consulates launched or restarted during the past years, e.g. that in Abuja, Addis Ababa, Accra or Luanda.
Dr. Gábor Baranyai, Special Advisor to the Minister on sustainable utilization of natural resources held a lecture on the diplomatic significance of water resources. He noted that the preservation of transnational river basins lies in our common interest thereby providing a starting point for regional cooperation. “Although Europe sees a number of agreements centring on water governance, many of those are outdated” – warned the advisor. The renewal of these would be needed taking care of future issues, such as the potential of water shortage and scarcity. With urbanization and climate change, the years after 1990 have triggered various processes that can become dangerous unless we intervene in time. Good examples to follow lie in the Spanish-Portuguese and the American-Mexican cooperation – advised the expert.
Text: Dorottya Petery
Photos: Denes Szilagyi
The members of the delegation were briefed about the overall mission of the National University of Public Service, the military officer training at the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training as well as the Military General Staff Training Centre. Furthermore, the guests gained insight into the activities of the Centre for Strategic and defence Studies and the Research Centre for Chinese Society and Economics.
Lieutenant General Hu Xiutang appreciated the reception and reminded that the Chinese partner of NUPS is devoted to enhancing the bilateral cooperation.
On 18 March ret. Colonel General Bikram Singh held a lecture with the title “Security Policy in India” in the Zrínyi hall of the Faculty of Military Science and Officer Training. The former leader of the Indian army told the audience that the diversity which characterizes his country affects its security issues as well. The military is basically an accepting institution whose life is regulated by strict protocols. It does not prioritize based on religious, political or ethnic backgrounds: the professional soldiers are bound together by notions of patriotism, progress and public service.
Without acting as a military superpower, India seeks to find its place in the international diplomacy and political interactions – said the Colonel General. Although the number of young people will count almost 75 million within a few years, defence has nothing to do with show of force. The buzzword is rightsizing: it is important to demonstrate that if needed, the country is able to protect its population of 1.2 billion, but the nation has no extraterritorial aspirations. “Our military service is about capability-creating, not combative intentions” – added the former leader of military. The 1993 and 1996 peace treaties with China reflect this idea well, together with the Syrian document signed in 2005. The next in line is Pakistan, but terrorism is hard to battle over there as long as the population is held by radicals. Apart from the military methods, the Indian armed forces attach a great importance to economic sanctioning. After all, the general summarized, our times are about geo-economics, not geopolitics.
“The Indian army is a way of life” – concluded his speech gen. Singh. “Soldiers often feel a stronger connection with their comrades than with their own children, and though religion is on display, it rather counts as a taboo subject. The Indian army is apolitical, while our goal is to understand and maintain diversity.”
Text: Dorottya Pétery
Photos: Dénes Szilágyi
Hungary had a huge role in the reunification of Germany. Of course, the friendship of the two countries dates back to earlier times than 1989, but the fall of the Berlin Wall was a defining moment for all of us – began his keynote speech HE Heinz-Peter Behr, Ambassador of Germany to Hungary on the March event of the Ludovika Ambassador’s Forum.
According to the ambassador, the fateful event occurred unpredictably, and it was due to external help only that things could proceed. It is no coincidence that Helmut Kohl declared in an interview earlier: the first brick from the Berlin Wall has been removed in Hungary. On 19 August 1989 when Lieutenant Colonel Árpád Bella decided not to disturb the westward movement of 600 GDR citizens despite the fire command in effect, the history of Germany took another turn. Although the actual opening of the borders was only sanctioned on 11 September 1989, the life of the East Germans trapped in the region of Budapest and Balaton has turned for the better in the same month. The ambassador himself has lodged 20 people in his office and the embassy contacted two hotels to provide three mails a day for the refugees. Among other things, 20 dedicated taxis were available and in addition to permanent medical oversight, a psychologist’s assistance was offered. Distributing food and erecting tents on behalf of the then young Hungarian Maltese Charity Service and the Roman Catholic Church, the support of Father Imre Kozma had also been most impactful. When Gorbachev paid a visit to GDR on 4 November 1989, it became clear to the East German leadership that changes have become inevitable. After the resignation of Erich Honecker the leadership fled ahead and acting in accordance with the Czech pressure, new border-crossing regulations had been set up. Following the televised presentation of these, thousands have gathered marching on the streets and after a few days the Germans on both sides of the Berlin Wall started the dismantling process with picks, chisels and even with their bare hands.
When the German unity was born, two highly polarized states found each other again – said the ambassador. Though there have been various social remedial measures introduced, such as the solidarity tax, the economic and cultural differences can be still felt today. Adding to this, Heinz-Peter Behr highlighted that it is interesting to see how the country after the reunification has moved away from the German national identity, showing a post-national, European distinctiveness instead.
On the roundtable discussion dr. András Hettyey and dr. László Kiss have agreed that even if Germany owes a lot to Hungary, the time has come for the two countries to implement actions with historic significance, for example in the management of migrants and peacekeeping missions.
Text: Dorottya Pétery
Photos: Dénes Szilágyi
On 4 November 2015 the Central European Forum on Military Education (CEFME) held its annual meeting in Budapest. As the role of the host was taken up by the National University of Public Service, the main leaders of the Austrian, Croatian, Czech, Estonian, Slovakian, Slovenian and Polish military academies gathered in the Ludovika building’s Hunyadi rooms. First in line to greet the representatives was Dr. Norbert Kis Vice-Rector for Continuing Education and International Affairs. In his speech, he stressed the fact what an honour it was for NUPS to host the event as it is within the university’s intentions to serve as an exemplary model for other institutions of higher education. Providing a uniquely integrated training for its students, by introducing a compulsory BA module about public service, NUPS has opened the “university of cooperation” for both military and civilian undergraduates.
Major General Prof. Bogusław Pacek, Rector-Commandant of the National Defence University in Warsaw, also addressed the importance of cooperation. Summing up his experiences regarding the 2014-15 Polish presidency, he welcomed the results of the rectors’ meeting held in Warsaw last year. Among other joyful novelties, a favourable outcome was that the Erasmus+ programme became available for military students, the central website of CEFME was launched, and the organization joined the NATO DEEP programme focusing on the improvement of military education. Following his speech, Agnieszka Legucka Vice-Rector for Student Affairs at the National Defence University of Warsaw reported on last year’s student conference which had two NUPS delegates. Although the event was considered a huge success, she said that the end of the conference brought about a break in the international activities. One lucky circumstance contradicting the lessening tendency was the publication of NUPS-student Bálint Störk’s study in the Security and Defense Quarterly, the scientific journal of the CEFME countries. Brigadier General Rudolf Urban, Vice-Rector for External Relations at the University of Defence in Brno shared the said views. He also added that better information transfer between the CEFME partners is needed for the improvement of the organization. As he said, its vision, mission, and responsibilities have to be clarified.
Last to be called to the microphone by the chair of the forum, Colonel Dr. Gábor Boldizsár, Dean at the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training, was Prof. Dr. András Patyi, Rector of the National University of Public Service. After thanking the trust of the colleagues, he touched back on the opening lines of Norbert Kis and added that NUPS is not showing the only way ahead, but providing a model to learn from. In the presence of the Rector, as the closing of the event, the CEFME presidency was formally handed over: the organization shall keep running under the governance of Croatia next year.
The Rector of the Kursk Academy of State and Municipal Services visited NUPS on the 28th of October 2015. Professor Irina V. Antsiferova and her delegation was welcomed by Prof. Dr. András Patyi, Rector of NUPS, Dr. Norbert Kis Vice-Rector for Continuing Education and International Affairs at NUPS and Dr. Zsuzsanna Peres, acting Vice-Dean for Education at the Faculty of Public Administration at NUPS.
The aim of the meeting was the mutual introduction of the two institutions and the mapping of possible areas of cooperation between the Academy and the University. Established in 2000, the Kursk Academy of State and Municipal Services specializes in preparing students at the Bachelor and Master level for public service at state and municipal authorities. In addition to nearly 1200 Bachelor students, the Academy also has about 300 Master and Doctoral level students.
Furthermore, the Academy offers retraining for approximately 800 public servants a year at federal and regional government agencies. The retraining programmes cover several areas, for example: the mechanisms of public-private partnership for increasing the efficiency of the public and municipal administration, and the legal and organizational aspects of the mechanisms in counteraction against corruption and extremism.
The Kursk Academy of State and Municipal Services is open to cooperation in various areas, including the assistance in realizing and participating within joint research programmes, seminars, conferences and symposiums; the exchange of students, teaching and research staff, and academic materials.
Professor Irina V. Antsiferova visited Hungary as a member of the Russian delegation led by Alexander Mikhailov, Governor of Kursk region.