In his speech, General Petr Pavel provided a thorough overview of the current threats ahead of NATO which primarily appear from the East and the South. Regarding the former, the Czech general reminded that the measures introduced in Warsaw are not threatening but deterring in effect, while regarding the latter, he highlighted the issue of weak and failed states unable to provide security, the demographic trends and the challenges coming from these issues.
He also reminded the audience that while the security guarantee which organization provided from its foundation (NATO 1.0) was a great achievement in the Cold War, the fall of the Berlin Wall and the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact and the Soviet Union created a new situation in which the Alliance based peace and security on the respective nations’ inclusion (NATO 2.0). Subsequently, crisis management, international missions and the fight against terrorism were set in the forefront (NATO 3.0) with the Alliance being globally aware, globally connected and globally capable.
Regarding the Alliance’s upcoming phase of development (NATO 4.0), the Czech general noted that although it currently seems that NATO is solely focusing on Europe, it continues to have a global view. He also added that NATO cannot solve today’s issues alone by itself, thus the era ahead of us should be one of effective cooperation and international networks.
During his visit to Hungary, the Chairman of NATO’s Military Committee met with Hungarian President Dr. János Áder, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade Péter Szijjártó and Minister of Defence Dr. István Simicskó. In his speech at the Ludovika Campus, General Petr Pavel remarked that the format of education, realized by the National University of Public Service, is one of the best platforms, as it allows university students to not only learn about their respective fields of public service but also about the fields of public service represented by the other faculties.
General Petr Pavel studied at such renowned institutions as the Czech Military Academy and King’s College of London where he received an MA diploma in international relations. Before becoming Chairman of NATO’s Military Committee (CMC), he was Commander of Special Forces of the Czech Army, Chief of the Czech Armed Forces, as well as an attaché in Brussels. He is also the first CMC from the region of Central and Eastern Europe.
General Patrick de Rousiers, Chairman of the European Union Military Committee has made an official visit to Hungary on the 31st of October 2014. The highest ranking military officer of the EU has also held a presentation on the European Union’s Common Foreign and Security Policy at the Hungária Campus of NUPS.
The General was officially welcomed by Colonel Dr. Gábor Boldizsár, Dean of the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training, Colonel Prof. Dr. László Kovács, Vice-Dean for Science and International Affairs and Colonel Zsolt Molnár, Commander of the Hungarian Armed Forces “Ludovika” Battalion.
In his interesting and dynamic presentation, General de Rousiers reminded about the organizational elements defining the European Union’s common security policy and had a distinctive focus on the rapid reaction force that could be one of the EU’s military pillars in the future. The discussion was held under the moderation of General (ret.) Prof. Dr. Zoltán Szenes, Head of the Department of International and Security Studies at the Institute of International Studies. General Szenes highlighted the issue of the coordination between the common areas of activity of NATO and the EU – a point which General de Rousiers touched upon several times.
After the presentation, Colonel Boldizsár displayed the organizational structure, mission and role of the National University of Public Service. General de Rousiers showed great interest regarding the common training module of the three branches of public service (military and law enforcement officers and public administration officials) emphasizing the importance of their cooperation in today’s crisis situations.
At the end of the event, Colonel Kovács handed over the regards and present of Prof. Dr. András Patyi, Rector of NUPS to General de Rousiers saying thanks to his honourable visit and presentation at the university.