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Visit of the Chinese Ambassador

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On 20 April 2016, Duan Jielong, Ambassador to Hungary representing the People’s Republic of China paid a visit to the National University of Public Service. As a guest of the university’s Ludovika Ambassador’s Forum His Excellency delivered a lecture on China’s peaceful development and the debates surrounding the South China Sea issue. In his speech he said that with China’s economic growth the role of the country has also revalued in the region and among the international superpowers.  Five main principles guide the country’s foreign policy today: equality, mutual respect, non-violence, peaceful coexistence and non-interference.

The People’s Republic of China is the first country in the world who guaranteed never using nuclear weapons first – emphasized the ambassador. As the country is committed to solving problems through means of diplomacy, its life is currently governed by more than 300 multilateral treaties. In view of the UN peacekeeping missions it can be said that China provides the second biggest financial and human resources. In addition to its Asian presence, the country plays an important role in Africa: it provides medical aid to millions in need, battling malaria and ebola. China also takes part in anti-terrorist actions and plays a constructive role in fighting climate change.

China has always ruled the South China Sea as it were the Chinese who have mapped the region and started to use it for trading – pointed out Duan Jielong. Historical documents prove that before the Second World War only Chinese have inhabited the sea whereas with the end of the war it was the country once more who recovered the formerly occupied islands. Unfortunately, peace stayed as long as the early 1970s. Having revealed the richness of the South China Sea in oil and other natural resources, following the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, neighbouring countries have occupied a portion of the islands illegally. Nevertheless, China’s foreign policy did not change with time: the country continued and is still continuing to seek peaceful negotiation to settle the disputes on the basis of the international law, keeping the territorial sovereignty and the right to free navigation. The ambassador in the end emphasized that it should be in our utmost interest to keep the Chinese priorities in mind as the commercial activities in the region are of high international importance as well.


Text: Dorottya Petery
Photos: Denes Szilagyi

 


H.E. Juraj Chmiel at Ludovika

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The ambassador of the Czech Republic to Budapest, H.E. Juraj Chmiel was the guest of the first Ambassador’s Forum at Ludovika within the academic year 2015/16 held on 30 September 2015. In his opening speech, beginning in Hungarian, His Excellency summarized the programme of Czech Republic who holds the presidency in the Visegrad Group from 1 July 2015 until 30 June 2016.
 
His Excellency Juraj Chmiel mentioned the thought of fellowship and the enhancement of relations among V4 states as the primary mission in which the International Visegrad Fund enjoys a central role. The main tasks include the countries’ cooperation in energy which is to be realized in accordance with EU directives. The Czech Presidency offers two exclusive conferences dealing with the secure, competitive and sustainable energy market.
 
Nevertheless, His Excellency also reminded that cooperation is of enormous importance in the area of external relations as well. Firstly, we should open to the countries of the West-Balkans as well as to Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine while strengthening French, German and American relations. Furthermore, the defence policies of the respective V4 states should be synchronized, the importance of which greatly increases in light of the current issue of migration. In addition to practical strategic considerations, cyber security aspects should also be taken into account in the future.
 
The ambassador emphasized that if the Visegrad countries engage together within the European Union, local political considerations receive more space and regional interests could be realized more effectively. His Excellency also reflected upon the importance of cooperation in the issues of infrastructure and economy, pointing out that in order to increase the success in investments, joint action should be made in the exchange of experiences, the protection of investments and the actions against tax fraud.
 
The ambassador’s speech was followed by a roundtable discussion with György Varga, Deputy Executive Director of the International Visegrad Fund and Dr. Iván Halász, Head of the Department of European and Comparative Public Law at the Faculty of Public Administration of NUPS. During the conversation, the participants talked about the migration quota system, the obligation for reception and the defence of external EU borders, however, the series of events commemorating the 25th anniversary of the V4 was also discussed.
 
After the discussions, the event’s host, Dr. Boglárka Koller, Vice-Dean for Scientific and International Affairs at the Faculty of International and European Studies of NUPS invited the guests to the gallery where they could visit the photo exhibition of Václav Hynčík titled “Pilsen, the Royal City – European Capital of Culture 2015”. The exhibition is on display from 30 September until 14 October 2015.