The Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training (FMOT) of NUPS hosted a conference on the possible solutions for measuring the level of national defence and on the preparation of the Comprehensive Defence Index (CDI) on 19 November 2015. In his opening speech, Dr. (Col.) Gábor Boldizsár, Dean of FMOT reminded that the preparation of CDI is in its first stage with increased emphasis on the issues related to human resources.
Dr. Tamás Kaiser, Head of the Institute of the Science of the State and Governance highlighted the concept of the Good State as one of the aspects of defence, emphasizing that the establishment of the Good State will be efficient if governance is state-centric and if society displays adequate trust in the work of the state and the defence sector. Nonetheless, leadership has faced complex issues in the last few years. Many organizations create data bases for the analysis of these problems, however, the objectivity of these data bases is debatable and sometimes rely on outdated data.
Accordingly, there is a need for a national evaluation framework that can provide – via various indicators – a quantifiable and easy to interpret pieces of data. CDI is prepared with such method with the evaluation creating an own reliable, up-to-date data base which could be useful not only in describing the current situation but in further developing defence.
Colonel Boldizsár added that CDI is being improved further and further through the continuous negotiations and evaluations. The primary goal is the display of the status of the armed forces and the credible description of the situation of national defence, making the latter able for measurement. The core thought of the initiative is that the intention (political will) and capability (material and human resources) can lead jointly to active engagement, thus these three factors should be analyzed jointly when assessing the success of defence.
Subsequently, Dr. (Capt.) Balázs Forgács displayed the political determination of defence policy through Carl von Clausewitz’s theory on the relationship between the armed forces and the state, which carried forth the thought that activity does not occur without political will. Furthermore, in his presentation titled “Goals and Tasks in Relation to the State, Society and the Armed Forces”, Dr. József Kaló reminded that while “the armed forces do not directly create goods”, the balance of politics, society and the armed forces has a great importance in a state’s life. Should this balance be tipped, or should there be no continuous dialogue between the actors, the system will show faults.
Captain Krisztián Sztankai held a presentation on the interoperability of public education, whereas Dr. (Lt.Col.) László Ujházy talked about the importance of reservist system and the possibilities for utilizing the know-how of reservists in his presentation titled “Bridge between the Armed Forces and Society: the Role of Reservists and Reservist Alliances Today”. Dr. (Lt.Col.) Zoltán Jobbágy and Judit Stummer talked about the new supplies in human resources, the KatonaSuli programme and the results of the subject “Basics of national defence”. They reminded that although the opportunities in higher education could also lead students toward the reservist system, in most cases, they are not motivated to establish a legal contract on reservist status.
Dávid Kiss, PhD student at the Doctoral School of Military Sciences, held a presentation on the relationship between the armed forces and national economy, reminding the audience that since all countries view the spending on national defence as sensitive information, it is difficult to utilize such data in an open analysis. Closing the event, Ibolya Bokros Tünde focused her presentation on what kind of soldiers do the Hungarian Defence Forces require. Emphasizing the importance of human resources, she revealed the training opportunities of soldiers, the importance of gaining know-how and experience, as well as the necessity of language and professional trainings.