The event was opened by Mr. Christopher Brown of United States EUCOM Joint Cyber Center. Mr. Brown thanked the Hungarian Ministry of Defence for its cooperation, and also explained that the focus of this event is on the development and build-up of cyber programs, and last but not least cyber-security threats. It was also a vital event as far as cyber-security trainings were concerned: next to networking, the participants can also get to know the good practices of other nations in this field.
From the Hungarian Ministry of Defence’s side, Colonel Talabos Tibor of the Electronic Information-protection Department greeted the participants. He also stressed the importance of the summit and also making the public aware that there is a cyber-space around them and there are dangerous threats involved in that. Col. Donald Baker, Senior Defense Attaché of the United States Embassy in Budapest expressed his content on seeing both civilian and military experts at the event, since both side are important and he hoped that the cooperation can continues into the future.
Lt Col. Jose Luis Quintero Villarroya from the Coordination Branch of the Spanish Joint Cyber Command continued the presentation talking about the Spanish methods of cyber-security. He told the audience that the cyber-space is a new phenomenon, which has no clear borders yet. Cyber- attacks threaten nations with their incredible speed and unpredictability. Spain is planning and executing various cyber-military actions since 2013 and consider guarding the cyber-space as their main task. Lt Col. Quintero Villarroya finished his speech further reminding everybody about the importance of cooperation in cyber issues.
The program continued with Col. Douglas Huffman, Cyber Operations Advisor to US EUCOM who introduced the Center founded in 2010 and encompassing 133 teams with 6000 staff. Their motto is partnerships and team work, since these never before seen cyber-attacks can only be fend off jointly. Col. Huffman underlined that no nation should face this threat alone.
Lt Col. Michael Fraas, Chief Future Development at the recently founded German Cyber Command continued by introducing the new Command and also remarked that, in a few years, cyber operations are going to be just as integral in any military operation like army or air force assets. The objectives of the newly established Command are still under development, but they will definitely include the defence of Germany from cyber-attacks, innovative IT management, cyber and information security including cryptology, and it also includes HR as a cornerstone of the whole organisation. Lt Col. Fraas netioned that there is a lack of staff in this field the the University of Federal Armed Forces in Munich is supposed to change that. Currently there are 200 students attending it with full-time scholarship for four years. Here they gain the necessary knowledge, so later they can work as experts in this profession. The Command places great emphasis on equal right too, so female officers and mother can participate in the program as well.
Col. Károly Kassai from the Cyber Defence Centre of the Military National Security Service in Hungary concluded the first morning session of the event. He said that the first Cyber Security Strategy of Hungary was created in 2013, revised in 2015 and that they are working on a revision this year too. There is also a ministry program running since 2015 until 2018 that aims at modernising the IT systems including cyber security measures. Experts have to face with the use of false terminology or the complete lack of it, and also the organisation of topical trainings.
During the course of the two-day-long event, experts will be discussing the role of military cyber-security experts, the training of cyber inspectors and how can one build a world class system of security measures.
The event held on 15 June, 2017. generated much public interest and distinguished experts of various security fields shared their knowledge with a packed Zrínyi Hall at the Ludovika Campus. The discussion was moderated by Prof. Dr. Zoltán Szenes form the International Security Studies Department at Faculty of International and European Studies of NUPS, while the guests and the audience was greeted by Dr. Judit Nagy, Vice-Rector for International Affairs on behalf of NUPS.
The Vice-Rector welcomed all the distinguished guests, the ambassadors, experts and all members of the audience. She highlighted that it is an honour for the National University of Public to cooperate with so many embassies on such a serious and complex topic.
The Vice-Rector’s opening remarks were followed by the first part of the panel discussion, where military and security experts shared their view on the challenges of hybrid warfare, especially in the context of Ukraine and Russian hybrid warfare tactics. Before the experts’ session however, Chargé d’Affaires of the United States Embassy to Hungary David J. Kostelancik gave a speech on the vitally important situation of Ukraine. Mr. Kostelancik clearly stated how important Ukraine is not only to the United Stated, but also to NATO and all European countries. He explained that this new warfare – hybrid warfare – is conducted by Russia with the aim of damaging Ukraine and its ties to the West. Ukraine is intimidated, violent separatists use arms, energy is used as a weapon against this sovereign state and “a smokescreen of disinformation” is raised by its Eastern neighbour. All these activities blend traditional warfare with new elements in order to achieve Russia’s strategic aims. The Chargé d’Affaires of the United States Embassy urged Russia to honour the Minsk Agreement because the United States stands firm in the support of Ukraine.
The US Chargé d’Affaires was followed by Her Excellency Liubov Nepop, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Ukraine to Hungary. Her Excellency’s speech echoed Mr. Kostelancik earlier remarks and clearly stated the situation in her country. According to her, despite more than ten thousand people lost their lives since the beginning of the war that it is not only contested by military means. Russia uses disinformation, propaganda, cyber-attacks, and energy attacks in order to punish Ukraine for its Trans-Atlantic ties as well as cooperation with Europe. She deemed this action as part of the ancient “Divide and rule “principle and urged Ukraine, Europe, the United States and all its allies to stand united against such a threat.
First of the experts to share his opinion was Colonel Gábor Boldizsár, from the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training. Colonel Boldizsár started his presentation first by defining the term “hybrid warfare”. Then he drew on his extensive field experience in military missions to both Afghanistan and Kosovo. Colonel Boldizsár also set up a theoretical framework in his speech by identifying 4 phases of hybrid warfare. In this concluding thoughts he mentioned that Hungary stands as an ally of Ukraine and Hungarian military scientists help in the development of Ukrainian military higher education.
The second presentation of the session a joint effort by military aviation experts Colonel Dr. Zoltán Krajnc and 1st Lieutenant János Csengeri, both represents the Faculty of Military Science and Officer Training. In their two-part presentation they underlined the role of airpower in hybrid warfare situations. Dr. Krajnc mentioned why airpower is one of the ideal tools of hybrid warfare, since it has “minimal intrusiveness, rapid response, rapid mobility, rapid engagement and improved strategic, operational, and tactical situational awareness“. In the second part of the talk Mr. Csengeri identified 3 aggression categories "nonviolent subversion, covert violent actions, conventional warfare supported by political subversion” and also showed an example of a hybrid conduct of war in Kosovo in 1999, when conventional weapons, terrorism against the population, and irregular forces were used too.
The final expert of the first section was Dr. András Rácz senior lecturer at the Pázmány Péter Catholic University. Dr. Rácz is a renowned expert of the topic as he was the first person in Hungarian to write about hybrid war. Dr. Rácz underlined how much Russia uses and develops its hybrid strategies. That is it part of the official Russian military doctrine to conduct such operations and that is has evolved a lot since 2008 when the Russians first used modern hybrid strategy against Georgia. He also made it clear that the strategy works undeniably well for Russia as it is illustrated by the situation in Ukraine and also in Syrian since the Assad regime is still has not be toppled. “There is no reason to believe that Russia will stop using this method in the foreseeable future” – said András Rácz. In fact, he pointed to other developments of Russian strategy that have been used lately, such as naval and long distance strikes in Syria – the first time their warplanes engaged in action outside of their country of since the Soviet-Afghan war in the 1980’s – and also interfering with election in both the United States and France. Dr. Rácz concluded that Russia is an adversary that is constantly improving its strategy and we must quickly learn how to counter it, which is he believes can be done by more cooperation.
The speeches were followed by a question and answer session where, among others His Excellency Petri Tuomi-Nikula, Ambassador of Finland to Hungary, and Her Excellency Isabelle Poupart, Canadian Ambassador to Ambassador to Hungary, Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina raised issues for discussion.
The second part of the panel discussion continued following a short coffee break and saw speeches from Péter Kaderják, the Director of the Regional Centre for Energy Policy Research at the Corvinus University of Budapest, Dr. Botond Feledy, Director of Saint Ignatius College and Dr. Csaba Krasznay, director of the Cyber-Security Academia at NUPS. Mr. Feledy talked about civilian and military cooperation in cyber-security, and how fake news can be combated. Mr. Kaderják detailed how energy is used as a weapon against Ukraine and how the gas supply systems in Central and Eastern Europe. Last but not least, Mr. Krasznay presented a case study in detail about a Russian cyber-attack on a Ukrainian power plant, where a malware was used as a weapon. In his final remarks he stressed that cyber-security education is the easiest way to counter such threats and that is why NUPS also places great emphasis on cyber-security education as part of the Cyber-Security Academia.
He recalled up on the fact that NUPS did huge steps towards establishing transatlantic cooperation even in 2016. This is one of the reasons why the American Studies Research Centre was established at the Faculty of International and European Studies. NUPS’s delegation visited Indiana University, University of North Georgia (UNG), Marymount University and George Washington University in May.
While visiting the University of North Georgia, The President of UNG Bonita Jacobs and the rector of NUPS András Patyi signed a memorandum of understanding regarding student mobility cooperation both for education and professional practice. As initiated in the cooperation, NUPS already hosts two students from UNG, while a researcher from NUPS is working at the American partners and he is soon followed by two students in August. UNG, as its name suggests is located in the state of Georgia, and has 4 campuses with 18 thousand students state-wide. Just like NUPS, this university was established via the integration of various institutions. It is not entirely a military academy, since they have many BA level programs offered for civilians, and the 800 officer cadets may take part in these too. Officer training places great emphasis on gaining international experience: cadets and students alike have to spend one semester abroad. UNG is one of the six principal officer training schools in the United States, and “the greatest evidence of the education’s quality here is that many generals of the United States Army have graduated from here” – told the Rector. UNG’s programs offered cover a wide range of various fields including military sciences, political science and international relations, and these all offer great cooperation opportunities between the two universities.
Marymount University – which was established in 1950 as an independent Catholic school, and which is located just a few minutes outside of Washington – and NUPS has already signed a five-year-long memorandum of understanding last year. Maymount University offers many undergraduate, graduate and doctoral programs to its students. Their cooperation with NUPS mainly centres on criminalistics, crime investigation and cyber-security but it also strengthens the academic ties of the two countries and provides an opportunity for researchers and lecturers to participate in joint projects. During NUPS’s recent visit, they discussed all these matters and agreed on a one-week-long, intensive criminalistics training held at NUPS in the autumn.
Indiana University – established in 1820 – has 8 campuses in the state of Indiana and has over 140 thousand altogether. There are 50 thousand students studying at the Bloomington Campus alone. Bloomington has an extremely wide international network with more than 300 overseas programs in 50 countries and these allow one in every four students to participate in student mobility initiatives. The delegation discussed the way of possible cooperation in the future, mainly in international studies, public administration and sustainability. These fields all could fit into the activities of the Faculty of International and European Studies and the Faculty of Water Sciences.
The George Washington University – founded in 1820 – is the largest tertiary level institution in the Washington DC area. It has really high quality partnerships in a wide variety of fields and research programs. NUPS’ delegation negotiated focusing mostly on international studies, public administration and political sciences. Prof. Dr. Patyi highlighted that both institutions are open to hosting young researchers as part of the cooperation too.
The rectors also remarked that in 2016 the university’s partner network got expanded. Under the umbrella of the ERASMUS+ program, 12 agreements were signed, and 10 other such cooperation was established in other ways. These also include many institutions outside of Europe, such as the Federal Ministry of Water Resources of Nigeria, the Hungarian-American Fulbright Commission, the Hong Kong Polytechnic University, the Korean National Defence University, the LEPL - Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia, The Russian Presidental Academy of National Economy and Public Administration North-West Institute of Management (RANEPA), the Shanghai International Studies University, and the The University of Defence in Belgrade. Furthermore, the extended the cooperation with the Tom Lantos Institute too. As part of the government’s Makovecz Program, NUPS is working together with three Hungarian schools outside of Hungary too. These are the Babeș-Bolyai University, University of Constantine the Philosopher and the Sapientia Hungarian University of Transylvania.
In the opening ceremony the participants were greeted by the organisers and the representatives of the four faculties located in Budapest. The Faculty of International and European Studies was introduced by Dr. Mónika Szente-Varga, Vice-Dean for Education. She explained that on this faculty boasting more than 500 students, there are many unique programs, and these will be augmented by programs in human rights and identity policy starting from September 2018. According to Szente-Varga, the six departments and the two research institutes – the Chinese Public Administration, Economy and Society Research Centre and the American Studies Research Centre – all make the faculty really interesting.
Tamás Kowalik, Head of the International Office at the Faculty of Science of Public Governance and Public Administration is proud of the fact that more and more public servants are education at the faculty on a yearly basis, and they perform well even in an international environment. Dr. Zoltán Jobbágy, Vice-Dean for Science and International Affairs at the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training highlighted the opportunities in the field of military and academic success at the faculty. The Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training places great emphasis on international opportunities, and at the moment, one of their lecturers participates in the Fulbright program while two American students are also studying at the Faculty.
Last but not least, Dr. Bence Mészáros, acting Vice-Dean for Science and International Affairs at the Faculty of Law Enforcement greeted the participants in the name of Dr. habil (MG) József Boda, the Dean of the faculty. He explained that the faculty is really unique since, next to its academic role, it also serves as the police academy for the Hungarian police force, thus the student can gain hands on experiences during their studies.
During the course of the Staff Week, the participants take part in lectures and can later try their skills in situational exercises and trainings. The main topics include interview and communication training, first aid and crisis management.
The delegation was led by Dr. Vladimir Mikhailovich Morozov, Vice-Rector for Human Resources, and included Dr. Alexei Dmitriyevich Voskressenski, dean of the School of Political Affairs, professor of Comparative Asian Studies at the School of International Relations, and founding editor-in-chief of “Comparative Politics Russia” as well as Dr. Igor Okunev and Dr. Ekaterina Koldunova, both deputy deans at the School of Political Affairs.
MGIMO is one of the world’s most prestigious higher educational institutions, deservedly called by Henry Kissinger the “Harvard of Russia”. The purpose of the visit was to initiate a new stage in the relationship of the two universities building on the results of a delegation visit led by the Rector of NUPS last year.
The delegation participated in a full-day workshop on 25 May, the morning session being devoted to transregionalism and the afternoon session focusing on new trends in teaching international relations.
During the visit, the parties agreed on the main areas of future cooperation in education, research and publication, and also decided to pursue a number of specific activities to turn cooperation into reality.
Did the referral came out of the blue, or did you anticipate it?
Judit Nagy: It was a complete surprise; I did not anticipate it at all. It is also a great honour to know that they thought of me. In the last few years, I worked as Vice-Dean for Science and International Affairs at the Faculty of Law Enforcement and I really loved that job. All those professional, scientific and international processes that we have started with my colleagues are now beginning to show the fruits of our work. The background is there to make professional decisions with confidence. I think that I managed to make myself accepted in this field, both as a professional and as a female leader too. In the beginning I had so doubts whether I am fulfil for this role as a woman, whether I am the suitable person among the academics and generals.
Now you have been asked to fulfil an even higher position. Can one really say not to such a request?
J.N.: It was not an order, I had time to think about it, and I voiced all the points I had to think about at the very first time this question came up. Such a decision has huge influences on one’s family and private life, since there will be a lot less time to spend with them.
This is a new role at the National University of Public Service, since previously it was not an entirely international position. What are the greatest challenges and what would you change?
J.N.: I think that under the guidance of Prof. Norbert Kis, the processes went into the right direction. We managed to make the university accepted in an international context too. We could rely on the results of our predecessor institutions in this respect too. I hope that I will be able to continue the work on such a high level, but it is certainly not easy to follow in the footsteps of such a renowned professional. One of my main goals is to have NUPS appear in international university rankings.
You mentioned international university ranking. What could be the goal in this respect?
J.N.: We can say that they know about us now. NUPS is a known brand in the field of international academia. There is more and more interest in us, our partner network is expanding, but we are not content with only this. We have to preform, participate in international publications, conferences, tenders and programs too. These are the indicators via which we can slowly move upwards on these ranking charts. However, this is not an individual task, all lecturers and researchers of NUPS have to improve in this aspect.
How important is international cooperation in the field of academia? How can we become interesting to a foreign university?
J.N.: We can become interesting because the national University of Public Services work in an unique way, covering all public service branches such as law enforcement, military service, public administration, international public administration and now water management even. When somebody comes to us, they can see such a rich portfolio and wide ranging international connections that are unique even on an international level. Take the field of security for example. It is present at us from both a vertical point of view by disaster management, and on a vertical plane by international security policy. This means also that every research topic can be examined with a wide, multidisciplinary approach. It is not a coincidence that security policy is connected to almost every Faculty of ours.
World politics has become very turbulent in the last few years. We are thinking about mass migration, unfortunate terror attacks, and even Brexit. People would like to know more about these issues. What is the role of those internationally renowned professors who educate at our University?
J.N.: I think we are the most active in this field, as far as media appearances are concerned. We can further strengthen this, since more and more of your researchers work in a field not dealt with at any other institutions. For example, we have research centres for Chinese and American Studies as part of the Faculty of International and European Studies, and they focus on a specific segment of world politics. Thus it is understandable that these researches are increasingly invited as experts by the media. We can find research topics at every faculty that have a unique expert background to it.
Dealing with the press is not far from you either, since you worked as a police press officer in the past. Generally, the experience is, that people in the services still stick to their professional terminology and find it difficult to use commonly understandable words. What could be the reason for this?
J.N.: It is important to know that sometimes officers cannot phrase things clearly due to the ongoing investigation process. I can remember that as a press officer, I could not really alter those materials that I got from the investigating team. Due to the investigation we had to stick with the law enforcement terminology, so we do not reveal more information than necessary, because this would harm the process.
How did you become a police officer? You did not start your career this way and only joined the services later. Was a female officer a unique sight back then?
J.N.: No, it was not a unique sight anymore. In my case, joining the service was not such a surprise since many of my family members have served before. For example, my father retired as a deputy-police chief of the county, my mother worked for the police as a civilian, and my sister graduated from the Police College back then. I was – and I am still – very proud of them, I did not want to toe the line. So I first went to the Eötvös Lóránd University, where I graduated as a biology-chemistry teacher. Later, I obtained legal qualifications at Pécs. Then, somehow law enforcement still managed to home me in. It was a great feeling to wear the uniform because my parents were really proud of me. In addition, I did not have to take the former Police College either, I just had to do a retraining course. I started to learn more about this service then and realized how much weight it really has. It means such a behaviour that simply wearing the uniform does not give. This realization made my thinking more mature and I “grew up” in a certain way.
What are your most important, short term goals?
J.N.: On a professional level, I would like to see the whole training structure of the university, not just from an international point of view. When I meet with a delegation, it is vital that I know every aspect of the workings of the university. I would like to discuss the possible ways of management with my fellow leaders, and also meet more researchers. Now I try to see the international network that we are a part of, and try to establish where we can expand it. These are the first step towards achieving the goal that NUPS becomes an attractive institution internationally. By achieving this, we could apply for research projects jointly with the best institutions, and appear in cooperation with the best universities as a bastion of international knowledge transfer.
In the meantime, as a mother my aim is to raise my rebellious, 12 year-old daughter so that she does not feel my absence due to all this work. I believe that she has the most need for me now, on the brink of becoming an adult. It is important to find a good work-life balance, since there are moments in one’s private life (celebrating the granny’s 90th birthday, living through a week of “survival” on a farm, a week of skiing on snowy mountain tops) that one can
Prof. Dr. Padányi József has been serving the military higher education for two and a half decades. In 1991 he received the scholarship of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and worked as a professor at the Zrínyi Miklós National Defence University’s Department of Engineering. Later, he fulfilled several leadership positions at the University. After the establishment of the National University of Public Service in 2012, Prof. Dr. Padányi was appointed Vice-Rector of Strategic and Institutional Development and since 1 January 2015, he is working as Vice-Rector for Science.
During today’s ceremony, János Áder promoted 4 other Generals to Lieutenant Generals and to Major Generals. Major General János Varga, coordination deputy of the Chief of Staff and Major General János Huszár, commander of the Joint Forces Command have been promoted to Lieutenant General. Brigadier General Sándor Dezső, Deputy Director General of the Military National Security Service and Brigadier General József Nagy, the other Deputy Director General of the Military National Security Service have been promoted to Lieutenant General. Parliamentary State Secretary and Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Defence Tamás Vargha, Minister of State for Administrative Affairs dr. László Firicz and Deputy Chief of Staff dr. Zoltán Orosz also attended the solemn promotion ceremony.
Her Excellency Ksenija Škrilec graduated at the Eötvös Loránd University in Hungarian and German philology. After completing the International Relations postgraduate programme, she joined the doctoral school of Andrássy University. She has been working in the Slovenian Embassy of Budapest since 1992 where she first filled the Secretary position, then she was appointed the ambassador’s deputy. During her years of service, she mainly worked in the field of economic policy and bilateral relations. Beside Hungarian and Slovenian, Her Excellency is fluent in German, English, Serbian-Croatian and Spanish languages.
The ambassador has been fulfilling her position in Hungary since 2013, which will come to its end soon. In her speech, she presented the numerous successes and cooperation possibilities highlighting the good, friendly relation between Hungary and Slovenia. The title of her presentation comes from Slovenia’s most famous poet, France Prešeren. Ms. Škrilec believes in the importance of the exemplary friendship between Hungary and Slovenia because the two countries are not only neighbours but they are good friends of each other, and they have a harmonious and smooth diplomatic relation. She added that one of her aims in Budapest was to bring Slovenian and Hungarian citizens closer in various aspect and levels, which she succeeded to achieve: an active political dialogue has commenced between the two countries, universities and secondary schools started to cooperate and the protection of minorities also received attention from the two parties in the past few years. The ambassador thinks that the minorities are key elements in linking the two countries, thus the Slovenian and Hungarian minority groups have the same rights as their inland fellows. The gender equality is also considered essential. For instance, the number of women working in the Slovakian Parliament is high, which is a good rate among the European states.
Slovenia has a very diverse geographic structure with its beautiful landscapes, sea, ports, huge forests which tempt many tourists; therefore the country puts great emphasis on the development of tourism and country image. People are protecting the nature and the environment including forests, big bear populations and bees. One of the ambassador’s project was a program called “Breakfast with Honey” which was launched in Slovenian and Hungarian elementary schools where children could learn about bees and honey while having breakfast together.
The guests of the roundtable discussion were Dr. János Bóka, Dr. István Szent-Iványi who was the Hungarian Ambassador to Slovenia between 2010 and 2016 and Zoltán Egeresi, from NUPS’ Centre for Strategic Defence Studies. Dr. Szent-Iványi said that few years ago the foreign policy of the two countries were different from what we have today: in the past it was a simple good neighbour relationship while today this relation has evolved into a serious strategic partnership where the parties mutually respect and acknowledge each other. According to the former ambassador, this relationship is one of the most well-functioning diplomatic relation among Hungary’s relations.
Zoltán Egeresi highlighted the importance and positive role of Slovenia within the Western Balkans states. The ambassador considers good communication and the gestures to each other as the basis of all strategic relationships. She closed the session by adding that Slovenia, together with the Western Balkans states is currently working on its role fulfilled in Central Europe.
The Ambassadors’ Forum at Ludovika event series will return in September 2017 when the first guest will be Turkey.
Prof. Dr. András Nemeslaki, head of the Institute of E-Government at the Faculty of Political Sciences and Public Administration opened the two-day-long conference, and greeted the participants. He explained that among others the conference covers such interesting topics such as social media, and the effect, ICT’s role in knowledge development, and digital solutions in public service.
Prof. Dr. András Patyi, rector of NUPS, talked about how important communication and IT technologies are nowadays, and that they help the spread of democracy too. The rector underlined that NUPS is a “university of cooperation” with more than one hundred international partners worldwide.
The following presenter, Wolfgang Ernst, rector of the University of Public Administration and Finance, presented his institution while also explaining that in their part-time and fulltime programs they place great emphasis on practical education and continuous development. Familiarizing students with digital services and the latest technology is a key part of this process.
As a representative of Andrássy Universität Budapest, Prof. Dr. Hendrik Hansen greeted the participants next. He explained that Andrássy Universität serves as a bridge between Hungary and other higher education institutions in Eastern and Southeast Europe where German is the language of education. Dr. Hansen emphasised that one of the aims of the event is to showcase and discuss the widespread use of digital technologies, to learn and evolve together.
Keynote speeches were held by Wolfgang Gerstl from Austria and Dusan Stojanovic from Serbia. Mr. Gerstl, who is responsible for scientific affairs in the Austrian Parliament (der Nationalrat) stressed the danger of fake news, which is considered a by-product of the “new media”. In the Austrian Parliament they consider it really important to use digital publications, and they made an online platform on the website of the Nationalrat, that is accessible to anybody, and now they are working on the introduction of a digital ID.
He told the audience that the biggest problem with such electronic platforms is, that probably it is going to be used by people already devoted to innovation. They would like to persuade more people to use these services, and even though it is a slow process, the steps are right. Modern information technology is an opportunity and jeopardy at the same time, and we have to take responsibility to ensure that this tool is used for the sake of democracy.
Dusan Stojanovic, director of E-Governance at the Minister of Public Administration and Local Self-Government in Serbia talked about the state of electronic services in his country. His country is rather high up on a recent EU survey’s list as far as e-service usage is concerned, but there are still many things to do. Only 15% of Serbia’s population uses such services. Their most successful introduction so far has been the online application for kindergarten registration, which has surpassed the traditional application method. Stojanovic think that in the future traditional and electronic methods will be used simultaneously. The greatest requirements are speed, good communication and being up-to-date.
During the two-day-long event experts of the field are discussing current issues. The subjects covered include data protection, and e-democracy’s legal, social and economic aspect.
The conference was opened by Dr. (Pol. Col.) Judit Nagy, Vice-Rector for International Affairs, and she explained in her opening remarks how the National University of Public Service is an unwavering supporter of development, and studies in the field of Good Governance are vital for that. It is important that the representatives of various countries can discuss the various viewpoints, and share experiences as well as best practices in this field.
The morning session of the event started with Zsuzsanna Lonti’s, (Head of Unit- Statistics & Indicators. Directorate for Public Governance and Territorial Development at the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)) keynote speech titled Measuring Governance in OECD. OECD’s report - Objectives of Government at a Glance – is going to be published in July 2017, and it covers data concerning the workings of OECD member state and partner governments. Why is this publication important? Since one can learn many things from other nation’s good practices and experiences. During its research, OECD focuses on the processes of the governments, this serves as a “black box”, and the detail is in this. The organisation focuses on the detail, on the capacity to operate while it uses its own tools to conduct studies. The study was first published in 2009, and has undergone great changes since that. In its current, fifth issue the focus is on good governance, the open government, public employment and innovation in the public sector. It was the first time, that Zsuzsanna Lonti talked about this research to the public.
In the following speech, Vladimir Tokarev professor at the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) presented the findings of himself and two of his colleagues under the title: The system for efficiency evaluation of managing the socio-economic development of the region by the executive authorities of Saint-Petersburg. The research studied the workings of the executive branch at Saint-Petersburg using serious equations. One of the most important findings of the study is that the services in Saint-Petersburg are the second most efficient in the country, and that the Russian population evaluates the work of Vladimir Putin at 4.19 on a 1-to-5 scale. According to them, the Russian government is 79% efficient.
The afternoon session of the conference continued with presentations from Sir John Elvidge, former Permanent Secretary of the Scottish Government; Dr. Alexander Prosser, University of Economics and Business in Vienna; and Dr. Csáth Magdolna, research professor at NUPS. The afternoon session was divided into two sections and covered topics such as sustainability, economic competitiveness, government participation, and efficient public service.
The publications of the conference are available online here:
Good State and Governance Report 2016:
Measurability of Good State II:
Russian hackers breached the IT systems of the Danish Ministry of Defence (Forsvarsministeriet) last year as well as the year before, and thereby gained access to the emails of the employees of the Danish Ministry of Defence. Since such news emerge almost daily in both national and international mediums, the question of cyber-security is an increasingly important part of national security. The Hungarian Government has also taken steps towards cyber-security and the organisation of such training programs is the task of the National University of Public Service. The courses were started based on the information security law passed in 2013, and more than 150 public service executives, experts, contributors, and employees have successfully finished these programs since. The issues has also been taught and researched at the faculties of the university, and this academy is going to synchronise all the various resources in this field starting March.
During opening ceremony Csaba Krasznay – program director – has said that there are only a few people in Hungary, who have up-to-date information in this field. That is why the training programs that already exist at the University have to be developed and extended to include a wider array of public servants. It was also mentioned that there is knowledge transfer in this field on all faculties of NUPS and at all levels or tertiary education, from BA to PhD level. Cyber warfare and military IT systems defence is taught at the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training, cybercrime and crime prevention is taught at the Faculty of Law Enforcement, the Faculty of International and European Studies deals with the international aspects while trainings are centred around information security at the Faculty of Political Sciences and Public Administration. According to Csaba Krasznay, the Faculty of Water Sciences, which became part of the University recently, can join the work as well, since water management and critical infrastructure all use many IT resources, so this field is a target of cyberattacks too.
Frigyes Janza (ret.) pol. major-general, who spoke at the event as well, warned the audience that it is not just an academic problem, but concerns the whole society and thus the training of the Academy has to be organised accordingly.
Csaba Krasznay supported this remark, and underlined that in practice the entire Hungarian society has to be prepared to fend off cyberattacks. It in the basic interest of everybody to use the Internet and IT services safely.
Prof. Dr. András Nemeslaki, head of the Institute of E-Government at the Faculty of Political Sciences and Public Administration, told the audience that cyber-security almost seems like a topic tailor-made for NUPS, since all training end research institutes are able to join the work. “Establishing the Academy is a really promising initiative. We can hopefully also broaden our international relations with this program too”, concluded professor Nemeslaki.
After completing his university studies, Gordan Grlić Radman first worked in Switzerland and later at the Unversity of Zagreb. After Zagreb, he worked again to Switzerland where in 1992 he began the establishment of the Croatian Consulate Network (in Bern, Genova and Zurich) at the request of the newly formed Croatian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Thereafter, he continued his career in Sofia at the Croatian Embassy there and, since 2012, he is the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Croatia to Hungary.
The ambassador accentuated in his speech the importance of Hungarian-Croatian relations and added that the two countries helped each other even before 1992. He emphasised, that before joining the EU, the country had to face serious difficulties. When they became part of the EU in 2013, they sought to transfer their experiences to the ex-Yugoslavian member states, especially to Montenegro and Serbia. H.E. believes that the policy of a “good neighbour” is a key concept, because the abovementionned countries and Hungary have to face similar economical and various other challenges like Croatia does, thus they can support each other. An example of this cooperation was the migration crisis two years ago which, due to the complexity of the EU, generated different reactions among the population.
He highlighted the importance of the Hungarian-Croatian border opening which further strengthens the relation between the two countries with focus on tourism and culture as well. At the same time, he added that they will take major actions to significantly reduce waiting time at border crossings.
The facilitator of the roundtable discussion was Dr. János Bóka, Vice-Dean for Education at the Faculty of International and European Studies. The guests of the roundtable discussion were Dr. Edit Bencze, lecturer of the Kodolányi János College, whose main research area is the integration processes in the Western Balkans with special focus on the Croatian accession and Dr. János Hóvári, lecturer at NUPS, former ambassador to several countries and security policy expert. Dr. Bóka asked the guests to share their views on the accession of the Western-Balkans to the EU. Dr. Hóvári explained that we need to be open for new members and that upon their membership, a new union would emerge. He fully agrees with the idea of helping our neighbours. The experts discussed whether the migration crisis can destabilize the region and become a serious security threat to the surrounding countries in the area. However, according to the ex-ambassador the excellent Croatian border control system handled the challenge appropriately, and since the crisis is more serious in Greece, Greeks should take the Croatian system as an example to follow. He believes that the biggest problem of the EU is the lack of vision, which could be solved by working with a new management and by reconsidering existing issues.
The academic year’s last session of the Ambassador’s Forum at Ludovika is going to be held on 10 May, where the participants can meet H.E. Ksenija Škrilec, ambassador of Slovenia to Hungary.
At the beginning of the meeting the vice-rector presented NUPS, its faculties, institutions and research centres of the University. Ms. Nagy illustrated the workings of NUPS with a metaphor saying that it is like an umbrella since the institution also has interdisciplinary doctoral schools, joint degree programme with CEPOL and it is also defined as the university of cooperation.
Mr. Monar was greatly impressed by NUPS’ work and highlighted that it comes off as a fast developing and prestigious university. Following this he presented his own institution as well. The College of Europe, which was founded in 1948, was at the time the world’s first university institute of postgraduate studies and training in European affairs, and remains unique and innovative to this day. Ever since its foundation the institution had the mission to make highly motivated postgraduate students understand the political, legal, economic and international core issues, challenges and potentials of this unique process. It also welcomes students coming outside of the European community and works so that all of its students can have a better understanding how Europe works.
A great conversation developed about the Faculty of International and European Studies concerning its students, the entry requirements and the career path that graduating students may take. Mr. Takács highlighted that the Government has special need for those specialists who are well prepared in the field of European studies and participate in international researches related to this field.
This is why Hungary supports those highly qualified students, experts and lecturers who would like to study or work at the College of Europe. As Mr. Monar mentioned, the College changes half of the visiting lecturers every semester and thus students can hear different perspectives about EU issues. This is vital since those young leaders who graduate from CoE later on will have to work together and better understand each other. Mr. Takács agreed with the above mentioned completely and further explained that it is important to involve more and more students in this programme.
Currently there are two students from NUPS attending the College of Europe in Brugge and in Natolin as well. For future cooperation between the two institutions it is important to motivate students and lecturers to apply for this outstanding opportunity to broaden their knowledge.
Dr. Lionel Beehner, Director of Research at the Modern War Institute, Captain Jake Miraldi, Strategic Project Manager and Lt. Colonel Csaba Bakos, Fulbright Scholar met with Dr. Judit Nagy, Vice-rector for International Affairs, Dr. Boglárka Koller, Dean at the Faculty of International and European Studies and Dr. János Bóka, Vice-dean for International Affairs at the same faculty and Colonel Dr. Zoltán Jobbágy, Vice-dean for International Affairs at the Faculty of Military Science and Officer Training.
At the meeting various important issues were discussed and possible ways of future cooperation between the institutions were highlighted. These cooperation include student and staff mobility, joint research activities in the field of military science and participation in conferences such as the Student Conference on US Affairs (SCUSA) held every autumn at West Point.
The discussion concluded with very positive results and the participants expressed their mutual satisfaction about the future possibilities of cooperation.
Vice-Rector for International Affairs, Dr. Judit Nagy highlighted during the reception ceremony: the international week gives an opportunity for the lecturers and students of our University to learn about the characteristics of other countries and cultures and to see the current issues of public service from a different angle, and gain experience in security policy, economics and law on an international level. The event also provides a great opportunity to network and to establish new partnerships and joint research.
The guest lecturers, among others, presented about the European integration of Poland; the career options in the German public service area; the rules of relocating headquarters of economic companies within the EU; the Russian regulation of international finances; the characteristics of international human trafficking networks; the challenges of international security policy and the NATO; the French administrative courts and the characteristics of the Czech public service system.
In addition to the scheduled presentations, the participants organized a workshop where the international and Hungarian lecturers discussed the future of European integration and the upcoming challenges related to integration. The facilitators of the discussion were Dr. János Bóka, Vice-Dean for Education at the Faculty of International and European Studies and Mantas Bileišis from the Mykolas Romeris University, Vilnius.
The first international education week was a success and it significantly expanded the partnership and collaboration opportunities of NUPS. The University wishes to continue this initiative in the future as well.
Since 2013, the National University of Public Service organizes a joint public service exercise on a yearly basis to allow students to practice different emergency situations and leadership skills during these events. In the past years, participants were simulating situations such as flood, unexpected armed attacks, and natural disasters caused by ice storms. This year the Exercise was to manage on three locations (campuses on the Hungaria körút and at Ludovika; Csobánka Exercise- and Training Base) an emergency situation caused by mass migration. According to the Vice-Rector for Education, Dr. Gábor Kovács all service branches were represented this year including police, defence forces and public administration. He added that in addition to the lecturers and students of NUPS, numerous Hungarian and international partner institutes participated in organization of “Rover 2017”. The manager of the Exercise added that this event was more than a simple class since almost one thousand NUPS students participated in this two-day-long Exercise and cooperated in several tasks.
The majority of the students (300 participants) came from the Faculty of Law Enforcement. “This Exercise gave a good opportunity for Law Enforcement students to acquire management skills.” - accentuated Dr. János Varga.
“Among the participants, there were 77 defence force cadets, 33 Master level students and 28 lecturers from the Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training.” - said Lt. Col. Tibor Horváth during the press conference. He added that their students actively participated in several elements of the Exercise including peacekeeping activities at the Csobánka Exercise- and Training Base.
Students from the Institute of Disaster Management practiced civil defence tasks during these two days. The 150 students and 18 lecturers simulated the preparation of migrant reception places, the organization of medical tasks and logistics.
During “Rover 2017” civilans also played an active role. The 64 participants from the Faculty of International and European Studies were working on the preparation of strategic decisions. They executed certain diplomatic tasks and they were also involved in negotiations and reporting. “It is key that our students learn how to communicate with each other, represent a position during negotiations, draft reports and manage press affairs.” - said Viktor Marsai. During the two days event, the 250 students from the Faculty of Political Sciences and Public Administration represented the civil sector in almost sixty areas. - said Dr. Lajos Hülvely.
Some elements of NUPS’ Joint Public Service Exercise are ensured by the KÖFOP 2.1.2 “Public Service Development Establishing Good Governance" project.
Since the establishment of NUPS, the position of Vice-Rector for Continuing Education and International Affairs was held by Prof. Dr. Norbert Kis PhD., but this position ceased to exist as of 31 March. The public administration and specialisation trainings and the system of promotional exams are incorporated into the Faculty of Political Sciences and Public Administration whose new Dean is Norbert Kis as of 1 April. On the university management level the international matters will be handled by Judit Nagy, as Vice-Rector.
Judit Nagy has been working at NUPS since its foundation. Since 1 October 2012 she is an associate professor, then for almost three years, from July 2013, she was the Head of Department of Public Administration Criminal Law, and since last August she is the deputy Head of the Department of Law Enforcement Management Theory, both within the Faculty of Law Enforcement. Meanwhile, she was working as Vice-Dean for Research and International Affairs of the Faculty of Law Enforcement until her assignement as Vice-Rector for International Affairs. She was teaching international and European Union law, cooperation of international law enforcement institutes. She received her degree in law from Janus Pannonius University Pécs in 2002 , then in 2011 she graduated from the Doctoral School of Károli Gáspár University. During her career, she was involved in numerous national and international projects. Her main fields of research are European criminal law, international police, and judicial cooperation. Judit Nagy is also a professor at the Doctoral School of Law Enforcement.
This year we celebrate the 40th anniversary of restoring Spanish-Hungarian diplomatic relations and this served as another reason for the March event of the Ambassador’s Forum at Ludovika. In his presentation, José Ángel Lopez Jorrin mainly focused on why the country’s performance is evaluated by stereotypes based on historical experiences rather than on real facts. His Excellency added that after the financial crisis of 2008 Spain recognized how important was the configuration of the country’s image, which broadly defines a country’s international reputation. Following the continuously growing crisis, the Spanish government in 2012 chose a new way for organization, which accentuated the global presence of Spanish values. To strengthen the country’s image, the project called Marca España (Spanish Brand) had been launched. The ambassador also participated in the elaboration of this project prior to his accreditation to Hungary in 2014.
HIS Excellency said that Spanish people like to enjoy life, but they are also hardworking. Based on the countries’ GDP, Spain is the fourth largest economy in the Euro Zone, the fifth biggest economy in the European Union and the 13th in the world. In addition, Spain is the world’s 11th largest investor with 650 billion US dollars, which means 3% of the total investments of the world. The Spaniards are particularly active in Latin America where, after the United States, they are considered the second largest investors: they carry out high quality infrastructure improvements, such as building high-speed railway networks.
According to Mr. Lopez Jorrin, the Spanish nation is caring and represents family values. These values are also shown by the fact that the Spain has the highest proportion of organ donation. “Currently there are 3000 Spanish soldiers serving in various international missions, representing their nation” – added José Ángel Lopez Jorrin.
During the roundtable discussion, the participants talked about the rise in unemployment between 2009-2013 and its consequences, the possible effects of Brexit and the migration crisis that Europe is facing. The participants of the roundtable discussion were Dr. János Bóka, Dr. Mónika Szente-Varga, Vice-Deans of the Faculty of International and European Studies, and Dr. Edit Inotai, senior fellow at the Centre for Euro-Atlantic Integration and Democracy. After the discussion, the participants could watch a travelling exhibition that commemorated ex-Spanish ambassador, Ángel Sanz Briz and his colleagues, honouring their lifesaving work during WWII.
Admiral Manfred Nielsen delivered a presentation to the students of NUPS on 22 March. The Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Transformation within NATO arrived to Hungary as a guest of the NATO Transformation Seminar.
During his presentation held at the University, the Admiral briefly outlined the significance of the Supreme Allied Commander Transformation’s activities then he added: in recent years the alliance has been facing unexpected and unprecedented challenges in the Euro-Atlantic region, which are moreover threatened from several directions by several actors. Organized crime, climate change and economic instability only further aggravate the situation. In addition, because of the technological revolution, the safety and security environment are changing faster than ever before in history. Moreover, the Organisation is facing new challenges due to the hybrid threats from the states and non-state actors.
Admiral Manfred Nielsen said: NATO needs to adapt to the requirements of the modern age in order to remain effective and relevant as well as prepared for the new challenges. This requires flexibility, agility, faster decision making, more aligned coordination of the Member States’ activities and more efficient use of resources and skills avoiding unnecessary duplicates. This requires both on short- and long-term a change of mindset in each area, including design, procurement, social relations and communication. If possible, the establishment of overly bureaucratic structures should be avoided not only in the relation of the alliance’s Member States but also within the framework of partnership programs. He emphasized the strengthening of NATO’s and EU’s actions as well as the efficient cooperation in facing common challenges. The Admiral encouraged the students to always be curious, to initiative and to take risks because the strength of an alliance is never defined by the alliance itself but by the people who make it.
After the presentation, the Admiral visited the NATO Centre of Excellence for Military Medicine operating in Hungary.
The institution was established in 1991 and its mission is to train and prepare public service officials who are professional, politically neutral, competent, effective and accountable for the tasks conferred upon them. Furthermore, the aim of KSAP is to train civil servants who will take responsibility for their country’s affairs, be sensitive to what matters to citizens, act in a professional manner and be up to the task of working in an international environment. The graduates of the institution will automatically become civil servants; it is not required from them to take the regular public service exams.
The members of the delegation arrived at NUPS with the aim to learn from the experiences, which justified the creation of NUPS, but they were also interested in the results of the period since the establishment. The Hungarian delegation, under the direction of Prof. Dr. Norbert Kis, Vice-Rector for Continuing Education and International Affairs, introduced the university and then the guests presented their institution as well. During the discussions, the Hungarian and Polish training models were outlined as well as the differences between NUPS and KSAP. Due to the decentralized nature of the Polish public service (the public administration institutions, with their own budget, decide under their jurisdiction about the training of civil servants), KSAP offers public service trainings in competition with the market. This also means that regarding its structure, capacity and volume, the Polish institution does not follow NUPS’ role in public administration.
In the midst of a discussion with the representatives of NUPS’ faculties, the delegation members were introduced to the educational programs, scientific activities and recent results of each faculty. The Polish guests were actively inquiring about the joint modules, and the joint public services exercise. They were also interested in how the formerly independent institutions experienced the fact that they are now faculties of a bigger institution.
At the end of the one-day meeting, the parties noted that there are numerous opportunities for cooperation between the two institutions. Prof. Dr. Norbert Kis, Vice-Rector of NUPS proposed to organize a Hungarian-Polish workshop on public sector ethics and cybersecurity. Under the umbrella of the Leadership Development Program, NUPS expects Polish colleagues as well. NUPS intends to publish a book about the central and eastern European comparative researches in public administration, and the University is willing to invite a Polish colleague in the editorial board. It also incurred to launch a join MPA program. The Polish party welcomed the proposals and sees a good opportunity to start the implementation in the near future.